Dr. A. Marthanda Pillai is a world renowned Neuro Surgeon . Under him the department of Neurosurgery has underwent rapid modernization. He did pioneering work in Craniofacial Surgery and Upper Cervical Spine Surgery in Kerala since 1983 which has resulted in his authoring chapters concerning these developments in the Book Progress in Clinical Neurosciences. He has published 84 scientific articles in various national and international journals and contributed chapters in 8 text books. Another notable contribution by him has been the publication of the Drug Formulary which is a ready reference book on rational drug prescription. He has presented 161 scientific papers in State, National and International conferences. He has also edited two very popular books Medical Records Documentation and Consent and Recent advances in Medicine. He has served and continued to serve in different capacities in at least 29 committees of various organisation working in the field of public health and medical education. He was also the Chairman of the Board of Studies Medicine, University of Kerala. He has 10 research work to his credit of which 4 has been sponsored by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of Kerala.