A cardiologist is a medical specialist that specialises in the study and treatment of diseases and conditions of the cardiovascular system, which includes heart rhythm abnormalities, coronary artery disease, heart attacks, heart defects and infections, and related disorders.
Consult a Cardiologist if you have a heart disease.
All of these diseases are treated by cardiologists using a variety of treatments such as drugs, lifestyle changes, weight reduction advice, nutrition management, therapies, and more. They may refer patients to a cardiac surgeon for surgical procedures if the damage is serious.
Uncomfortable chest pain, breathing problems, leg swelling, high blood pressure, heart rate fluctuation, feeling of dizziness or fainting, premature heart disease or cardiac death in the family history, blood vascular problems can cause leg pain or ulceration are some of the conditions when you consider visiting a cardiologist. The cardiologist will assess your symptoms, review your medical history, and maybe propose diagnostic testing to correctly diagnose the source of your symptoms and assist your cardiology care team in determining the best treatment option for you.
To become a Cardiologist, a candidate must complete a 5 and a half years MBBS degree, followed by 3 years of MD and 3 years of DM in Cardiology.
While cardiothoracic surgeons can conduct sophisticated repairs on the heart and its accompanying tissues, they often limit their treatment of patients to the time leading up to and following the surgery. Cardiologists frequently follow their patients for much longer periods of time, typically in collaboration with a primary care physician to evaluate and treat long-term cardiovascular issues.
Electrocardiogram (ECG), cardiac catheterization (coronary angiogram), heart ct-scan, Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), MRI of the heart, stress test, transthoracic echocardiogram (echo or TTE), transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE), positron emission tomography (PET) scan, thallium scans or myocardial perfusion scans, are some of the most common tests to diagnose heart diseases.
Cardiothoracic surgeons are heart surgeons who specialise in heart and lung surgery. Cardiothoracic surgeons have substantial experience with advanced, specialised operations such as robotic and video assisted lung surgery, minimally invasive mitral valve replacement, and difficult newborn surgeries, as well as complex cardiac care.
Heart surgery may be a possibility if other therapies, such as lifestyle modifications, medications, and medical procedures, haven't worked or can't be utilized to address your cardiac disease. Your primary care physician, cardiologist, and cardiothoracic surgeon will collaborate with you to determine whether heart surgery is the right treatment option for you.
Heart surgery has some hazards, even though the results are frequently great. Some potential dangers are bleeding, inflammation manifests itself in the form of infection, fever, edema, and other symptoms.
You will be sent to a cardiac surgeon for additional assessment if your general doctor or cardiologist believes that surgery is the best treatment for your heart disease and that medicines alone will not be sufficient.
Your doctor will assess your risk of developing heart disease during the cardiac consultation by reviewing your medical history and performing a complete physical examination and testing. Early detection may result in a better prognosis and fewer problems.