What is kidney dialysis?
The important function of kidneys is to filter the blood, remove excess fluid and deleterious waste products from the body by producing urine. This process will be stopped when you suffer from kidney failure. Hence, kidney dialysis may be required to remove the excess fluid and harmful waste products from the blood by diverting your blood through a machine.
Why do you need dialysis?
Dialysis is recommended by your doctor when you have a chronic kidney disease leading to End-Stage Renal Disease (kidney failure) that may be caused due to high blood pressure, diabetes, polycystic kidney disease or glomerulonephritis. It will lead to the build-up of excessive waste products and fluid in the body which may become fatal if left untreated. Kidney dialysis procedure will filter the blood and remove unwanted substances and excess fluid from the body by diverting the blood through a machine.
What are the types of dialysis?
There are two types of dialysis; hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Your doctor will recommend the type of dialysis that is required for you depending on your health condition.
Hemodialysis is the most commonly performed dialysis procedure in which your blood will be run through a dialysis machine by connecting your blood vessels of your arm to the machine. The blood will be filtered in the machine, hence excess fluids and harmful substances will be removed out of the body. The filtered blood will be returned back to your body. Hemodialysis is usually carried out at dialysis centres for 3 days a week with each session lasting for about 4 hours.
In peritoneal dialysis, a peritoneal catheter is used to run the blood through the blood vessels of the peritoneal cavity to filter the blood. In this type of dialysis, blood never leaves the body and uses the body's natural filter to clean the blood. In both types, a dialysate solution is used to perform the procedure.
How long will you need dialysis for?
Kidney dialysis may be performed when you have a temporary kidney failure and the dialysis is usually stopped when the kidney recovers. But, mostly the kidney failure will be a permanent condition requiring a kidney transplant to treat the disease. However, a kidney transplant is not always possible to carry out immediately. So dialysis may be required as a temporary solution until a suitable donor kidney becomes available. And it is possible to lead a good quality of life when you are on dialysis and most people can hold out on dialysis for many years. Some of the conditions like advanced age, severe heart disease, cancer, mental illness, alcohol or drug abuse will make you ineligible for the kidney transplant. In such situations, kidney dialysis may be required for the rest of your life.
How much does the procedure cost?
INR 1000 to INR 1500 per session.