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Cardiology Department

Heart valve replacement

What is heart valve surgery?

Heart valve surgery is an open-heart surgery that is performed to repair or replace a valve in the heart that is not working properly because of heart valve disease.

Why is heart valve surgery needed?

The heart valves are responsible for the nutrient-rich blood to flow through the chambers of your heart. Diseased heart valves and leaky valves don't allow the normal passage of the blood through chambering. In leaky valves, instead of closing tightly, the valve may remain slightly open, letting blood flow backward. Heart valve repair can be done in valvular heart disease. However, in some cases, the damage may be too advanced and hence a total replacement of the affected valve may be the only option.

What is a heart valve replacement?

It is a surgical procedure to replace the heart valve with a new mechanical or biological valve if your heart valve is too badly damaged to be repaired. Mechanical valves are made up of metals, carbons, ceramics and plastic that are first used in valve replacement surgery. Mechanical valves are durable and can last a long time. However, it can cause blood clots which may, in turn, cause a heart attack or stroke. Hence, people with mechanical valves must take blood thinners every day for the rest of their lives to avoid blood clot formation. 

Biological (bioprosthetic) valves are specially prepared natural valves from human donors or animals. Animal source valves (usually cows or pigs) are similar to valves in the human heart, thus they are well tolerated and are less likely to form blood clots. So, blood thinners are advised only for a shorter duration. Biological valves are not as durable as mechanical valves, but they are more durable in the aortic position and in older patients.

Valves can be an autograft, in which your own tissue is used for the procedure. It is performed by taking your functioning pulmonary valve and then used to replace your damaged aortic valve. The pulmonary valve is then replaced with a donated one.

How long does this procedure last?

Depending on the number of valves that need to be repaired or replaced the procedure may last for 2 to 4 hours.

How long does it take for a patient to recover after this procedure?

The normal recovery time is usually four to eight weeks

How much does it cost?

In India, it costs anywhere between INR 275,000 to INR 475,000, depending on the hospital and facilities provided.

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You can request quotation from the listed hospitals

MGM Healthcare

New No 72, Old No 54 Nelson Manickam Road


mCare Smart Clinic

Kinfra Hi Tech Park Kalamassery Kochi, Kerala 683503


Iqraa International Hospital and Research Centre

Wayanad Road, Malaparamba, Kozhikode, Kerala


Aster MIMS Kannur

Chala east


Malabar Hospital

Eranjipalam Junction, Eranjipalam Kozhikode, Kerala


Sreechand Speciality Hospital

Sreechand Speciality Hospitals Pvt ltd, Near SN park, Kannur Kerala - 670001


Ananthapuri Hospitals

NH Byepass 66, Airport Road, Near Courtyard Garden


B&B Memorial Hospital

Opp. Thrikkakara Temple, Thrikkakara P.O, Cochin


KIMSHEALTH, Trivandrum

P.B.No.1, Anayara P.O, Trivandrum – 695029, Kerala, India


KMC Hospital

opposite Jyothi Theatre, Balmatta, Mangalore, Karnataka 575019

Dakshina Kannada

Sunrise Hospital

Sunrise Hospital, Seaport – Airport Road, Kakkanad, Kochi 682 030, Kerala, India


Aster MIMS Kottakkal

Malabar Institute of Medical Sciences Ltd Changuvetty, Kottakkal P.O, Malappuram


Aster MIMS, Calicut

Mini By-pass Road, Govindapuram P.O., Calicut


Kinder Multispeciality Hospital

Kinder Hospital, Kalamassery, Kochi-682033, Kerala, India


Rajagiri Hospital

Near GTN Junction, Chunangamvely Aluva, Kochi, Kerala


VPS Lakeshore Hospital

NH-66 Bypass, near Police Station, Nettoor, Maradu, Kochi, Kerala


A.J Hospital and Research Centre

National High Way 66, Kuntikana

Dakshina Kannada

Indiana Hospital

Pumpwell junction, Mahaveer Circle, Dakshina Kannada

Dakshina Kannada