What is congenital disorder treatment?
Treatment varies widely based on the type of congenital disorder.
1. Gene therapy - It replaces a gene that is either missing or defective.
2. Enzyme replacement therapy - When a gene is mutated and does not produce the gene product, an enzyme is missing or defective.
3. Prenatal treatment - Some birth defects can be diagnosed and treated before birth. Prenatal surgery, for instance, can treat babies with urinary tract blockages and rare lung tumors.
Can birth defects be cured?
There is no cure for birth defects. But children can often be treated to help reduce problems. Researchers are trying to find ways to prevent many birth defects. Not all birth defects can be prevented.