Human Research & Diagnostics (HRD)
Infertility Profile For Women
Human Research & Diagnostics (HRD Laboratories) offers medical documentation packages and a wide range of health checkup packages to cover all age groups and all the sexes. These packages have been very thoughtfully formulated by a team of highly qualified and experienced medical professionals. All investigations are carries out on state-of-the-art computerized equipment.
In women to evaluate ovarian function and fertility sometimes in the evaluation of polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS or to evaluate the effectiveness of ovarian cancer treatment in an infant to evaluate the presence of external sex organs that are not clearly male or female ambiguous genitalia and or function of the testicles in an infant boy Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm When To Get Tested: When a health practitioner wants to evaluate a woman s fertility predict onset of menopause or suspects PCOS sometimes prior to some assisted reproductive procedures periodically when a woman is undergoing treatment for an AMH-producing ovarian cancer when it is suspected that the testicles of an infant boy are absent or not functioning properly Test Preparation:None Normal Test Result: 1.0–4.0 ng/ml
To help evaluate insulin production by the beta cells in the pancreas or to help determine the cause of low blood glucose hypoglycemia Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm and sometimes a 24-hour urine sample When To Get Tested: When you have diabetes and your health practitioner wants to determine if you are producing enough of your own insulin or if it is time to supplement oral medication with insulin injections or an insulin pump when your health practitioner suspects that you have insulin resistance when you have documented hypoglycemia Test Preparation:Fasting for 8 to 10 hours before blood testing is usually required Normal Test Result: 0.5 ng/mL to 2.7 ng/mL
To evaluate effectiveness of treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma HCC a type of liver cancer if the level of des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin is elevated prior to treatment to monitor for recurrence of HCC Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm When To Get Tested: Periodically when you have been treated for HCC Test Preparation:None Normal Test Result: Ages 18 to 19: 145 to 395 micrograms per deciliter (µg/dL) or 3.92 to 10.66 micromoles per liter (µmol/L) Ages 20 to 29: 65 to 380 µg/dL or 1.75 to 10.26 µmol/L. Ages 30 to 39: 45 to 270 µg/dL or 1.22 to 7.29 µmol/L.
To help diagnose infectious mononucleosis mono to distinguish between an Epstein-Barr virus EBV infection and another illness with similar symptoms to help evaluate susceptibility to EBV Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm When To Get Tested: When you have symptoms of mono but a negative mono test when a pregnant woman has flu-like symptoms occasionally when an asymptomatic person has been exposed to someone with mono or possibly as a means to check immune system function Test Preparation:None Normal Test Result: normal range is 0 mm/hr 22 mm/hr to for men and 0 mm/hr to 29 mm/hr for women
For pregnant women to assess the risk of your baby having a chromosome disorder such as Down syndrome trisomy 21 or Edwards syndrome trisomy 18 Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm or a blood spot collected on special paper from a finger stick a nuchal translucency requires a special ultrasound exam When To Get Tested: Usually between 11 and 14 weeks of pregnancy Test Preparation:You may be instructed to have a full bladder when having the nuchal translucency ultrasound performed Normal Test Result: Males older than age 18: 1.0-18.0 International Units Per Liter (IU/L) Postmenopausal women: 16.7 IU/L -113.6 IU/L
To evaluate the hemoglobin content of your blood as part of a general health checkup to screen for and help diagnose conditions that affect red blood cells RBCs if you have anemia low hemoglobin or polycythemia high hemoglobin to assess the severity of these conditions and to monitor response to treatment Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm or by a fingerstick children and adults or heelstick newborns When To Get Tested: With a hematocrit or as part of a complete blood count CBC which may be ordered as a component of a general health screen when you have signs and symptoms of anemia weakness fatigue or polycythemia dizziness headache at regular intervals to monitor these conditions or response to treatment Test Preparation:None Normal Test Result: Normal results for adults vary, but in general are: Male: 13.8 grams per deciliter (g/dL )to 17.2 grams per deciliter (g/dL) or 138 to 172 grams per liter (g/L) Female: 12.1 to 15.1 g/dL or 121 to 151 g/L
To help evaluate insulin production by the beta cells in the pancreas to help diagnose the presence of an insulin-producing tumor in the islet cells of the pancreas insulinoma to help determine the cause of low blood glucose hypoglycemia to help identify insulin resistance or to help determine when a type 2 diabetic might need to start taking insulin to supplement oral medications Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm When To Get Tested: When you have low blood glucose levels with symptoms such as sweating palpitations dizziness fainting when you have diabetes and your health practitioner wants to monitor your insulin production sometimes when it is suspected that you have insulin resistance Test Preparation:None Normal Test Result: less than 17 mcU/mL
To evaluate fertility issues function of reproductive organs ovaries or testicles or to detect the release of an egg from the ovary ovulation to evaluate pituitary function In children to evaluate early or delayed sexual maturation puberty Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm sometimes a random urine sample or a 24-hour urine collection may be taken When To Get Tested: For women when you are having difficulty getting pregnant or are having irregular or heavy menstrual periods when you are tracking ovulation during your menstrual cycle For men when your partner cannot get pregnant or you have a low sperm count low muscle mass or decreased sex drive When your healthcare provider thinks that you have symptoms of a pituitary disorder or hypothalamic disorder When a health practitioner suspects that a child has delayed or earlier than expected sexual maturation Test Preparation:None but the timing of a woman s sample will be correlated with her menstrual cycle Normal Test Result: Men: 1.42 IU/L to 15.4 IU/L. Women, follicular phase of menstrual cycle: 1.37 to 9 IU/L. Women, midcycle peak: 6.17 to 17.2 IU/L.
To help determine the cause of infertility track ovulation help diagnose an ectopic or failing pregnancy monitor the health of a pregnancy monitor progesterone replacement therapy or help diagnose the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm When To Get Tested: At specific times during a woman s menstrual cycle to determine whether when she is ovulating during early pregnancy when symptoms suggest an ectopic or failing pregnancy throughout pregnancy to help determine placenta and fetal health periodically when a person is receiving progesterone replacement therapy when a woman has abnormal uterine bleeding Test Preparation:None Normal Test Result: In general, normal serum progesterone test results fall in the following ranges: men, postmenopausal women, and women at the beginning of their menstrual cycle: 1 ng/mL or under. women in the middle of their menstrual cycle: 5 to 20 ng/mL. pregnant women in their first trimester: 11.2 ng/mL to 90 ng/mL.
To help investigate unexplained flow of breast milk galactorrhea abnormal nipple discharge absence of menstrual periods and or infertility in women in men to help diagnose the cause of decreased libido and or erectile dysfunction to detect and monitor a prolactin-producing pituitary tumor prolactinoma Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm When To Get Tested: When you have symptoms of elevated prolactin such as galactorrhea and or visual disturbances and headaches during a workup for infertility for follow-up of low testosterone in men periodically to monitor for recurrence of a prolactinoma Test Preparation:None however the sample should be collected 3 to 4 hours after waking Normal Test Result: The normal values for prolactin are: Men: less than 20 ng/mL (425 µg/L) Nonpregnant women: less than 25 ng/mL (25 µg/L) Pregnant women: 80 ng/mL to 400 ng/mL (80 to 400 µg/L)
To screen for or diagnose a variety of conditions that can affect white blood cells WBC such as an infection inflammation or a disease that affects the production or survival of WBCs to monitor treatment of a blood disorder or to monitor therapy that is known to affect WBCs Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm or by a fingerstick children and adults or heelstick newborns When To Get Tested: As part of a complete blood count CBC when you have a routine health examination when you have any number of signs and symptoms that may be related to a condition affecting WBCs such as infection inflammation or cancer when you have a condition or are receiving treatment that is known to affect WBCs Test Preparation:None Normal Test Result: 4,500 WBCs per microliter (4.5 to 11.0 × 109/L) to 11,000 WBCs per microliter (4.5 to 11.0 × 109/L)
To help determine the cause of abnormal results on a white blood cell WBC count to help diagnose and or monitor an illness affecting your immune system such as an infection or inflammatory condition or cancers that affect your white blood cells such as leukemia Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm or by a fingerstick children and adults or heelstick infants When To Get Tested: As part of a complete blood count CBC when you have a routine health examination when results of a CBC fall outside the reference range when you have any number of signs and symptoms that may be related to a condition affecting white blood cells such as infection inflammation or cancer when you are receiving treatment that is known to affect WBCs such as chemotherapy Test Preparation:None Normal Test Result: 4,500 WBCs per microliter (4.5 to 11.0 × 109/L)to 11,000 WBCs per microliter (4.5 to 11.0 × 109/L)
12 Tests Included
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