Human Research & Diagnostics (HRD)
Human Research & Diagnostics (HRD Laboratories) offers medical documentation packages and a wide range of health checkup packages to cover all age groups and all the sexes. These packages have been very thoughtfully formulated by a team of highly qualified and experienced medical professionals. All Investigations are carries out on state- of - the - art computerized equipment.
To evaluate effectiveness of treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma HCC a type of liver cancer if the level of des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin is elevated prior to treatment to monitor for recurrence of HCC Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm When To Get Tested: Periodically when you have been treated for HCC Test Preparation:None Normal Test Result: Ages 18 to 19: 145 to 395 micrograms per deciliter (µg/dL) or 3.92 to 10.66 micromoles per liter (µmol/L) Ages 20 to 29: 65 to 380 µg/dL or 1.75 to 10.26 µmol/L. Ages 30 to 39: 45 to 270 µg/dL or 1.22 to 7.29 µmol/L.
For pregnant women to assess the risk of your baby having a chromosome disorder such as Down syndrome trisomy 21 or Edwards syndrome trisomy 18 Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm or a blood spot collected on special paper from a finger stick a nuchal translucency requires a special ultrasound exam When To Get Tested: Usually between 11 and 14 weeks of pregnancy Test Preparation:You may be instructed to have a full bladder when having the nuchal translucency ultrasound performed Normal Test Result: Males older than age 18: 1.0-18.0 International Units Per Liter (IU/L) Postmenopausal women: 16.7 IU/L -113.6 IU/L
To determine if you are infected with human immunodeficiency virus HIV Specimen:A blood sample collected from a vein in your arm or from a fingerstick there are also HIV antibody tests available that can be performed on oral fluid When To Get Tested: At least once when you are 13 to 64 years old when you think you may have been exposed to the virus before becoming pregnant or when pregnant once a year if you are at increased risk of being exposed to the virus Test Preparation:None Normal Test Result:
If you have been diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus HIV to determine whether the strain causing your infection is resistant or has developed resistance to one or more antiretroviral therapy ART drugs Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm When To Get Tested: When first diagnosed with HIV immediately prior to the start of antiretroviral therapy or when you are receiving ART but the amount of virus in your blood HIV viral load does not decrease or rises steadily Test Preparation:None Normal Test Result:
To assess your risk of developing cardiovascular disease CVD to monitor treatment Specimen:A blood sample obtained by inserting a needle into a vein in your arm or from a fingerstick When To Get Tested: Screening when no risk factors present for adults every four to six years for youths once between the ages of 9 and 11 and again between ages 17 and 21 Monitoring at regular intervals when risk factors are present when prior results showed high risk levels and or to monitor effectiveness of treatment Test Preparation:Typically fasting for 9-12 hours water only before having your blood drawn is required but some labs offer non-fasting lipid testing Follow any instructions you are given and tell the person drawing your blood whether or not you have fasted For youths without risk factors testing may be done without fasting Normal Test Result: the ratio should be below 4
To screen for detect evaluate and monitor acute and chronic liver inflammation hepatitis liver infection liver disease and or and damage Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm for infants blood may be drawn by puncturing the heel with a lancet When To Get Tested: Periodically to evaluate liver function whenever you are at risk for liver injury when you are taking medications that may affect your liver when you have a liver disease when you have symptoms associated with liver damage such as jaundice Test Preparation:You may be instructed to fast overnight with only water permitted Follow any instructions you are given Inform the healthcare practitioner about all prescription and over-the-counter medications herbal medications vitamins and supplements you are taking Normal Test Result: range between 7-56 units/litre for ALT and 10-40 got AST, your liver function is normal
To evaluate fertility issues function of reproductive organs ovaries or testicles or to detect the release of an egg from the ovary ovulation to evaluate pituitary function In children to evaluate early or delayed sexual maturation puberty Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm sometimes a random urine sample or a 24-hour urine collection may be taken When To Get Tested: For women when you are having difficulty getting pregnant or are having irregular or heavy menstrual periods when you are tracking ovulation during your menstrual cycle For men when your partner cannot get pregnant or you have a low sperm count low muscle mass or decreased sex drive When your healthcare provider thinks that you have symptoms of a pituitary disorder or hypothalamic disorder When a health practitioner suspects that a child has delayed or earlier than expected sexual maturation Test Preparation:None but the timing of a woman s sample will be correlated with her menstrual cycle Normal Test Result: Men: 1.42 IU/L to 15.4 IU/L. Women, follicular phase of menstrual cycle: 1.37 to 9 IU/L. Women, midcycle peak: 6.17 to 17.2 IU/L.
To help investigate unexplained flow of breast milk galactorrhea abnormal nipple discharge absence of menstrual periods and or infertility in women in men to help diagnose the cause of decreased libido and or erectile dysfunction to detect and monitor a prolactin-producing pituitary tumor prolactinoma Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm When To Get Tested: When you have symptoms of elevated prolactin such as galactorrhea and or visual disturbances and headaches during a workup for infertility for follow-up of low testosterone in men periodically to monitor for recurrence of a prolactinoma Test Preparation:None however the sample should be collected 3 to 4 hours after waking Normal Test Result: The normal values for prolactin are: Men: less than 20 ng/mL (425 µg/L) Nonpregnant women: less than 25 ng/mL (25 µg/L) Pregnant women: 80 ng/mL to 400 ng/mL (80 to 400 µg/L)
To screen men for prostate cancer to help determine the necessity for a biopsy of the prostate to monitor the effectiveness of treatment for prostate cancer and or to detect recurrence of prostate cancer Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm When To Get Tested: When a man has symptoms suggestive of prostate cancer such as difficult painful and or frequent urination may also be ordered during and at regular intervals after prostate cancer treatment in asymptomatic men after a discussion with your healthcare provider about the benefits and harms of screening and you make an informed decision to undergo screening For specific details see prostate cancer screening for Adults and Adults 50 and Up Test Preparation:Avoid ejaculation for 24 hours before sample collection as it has been associated with elevated PSA levels the sample should also be collected prior to your health practitioner performing a digital rectal exam DRE and prior to or several weeks after a prostate biopsy Normal Test Result: normal PSA level is considered to be 4.0 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL) of blood, but this varies by age
To help diagnose and manage conditions affecting kidney function may be used as part of general health screening or to screen someone who is at risk of developing kidney disease or to follow someone with known kidney disease Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm When To Get Tested: When you have signs and symptoms that suggest that you may have a condition affecting the function of your kidneys when you are being treated for kidney disease when you have certain risk factors for kidney disease such as high blood pressure or diabetes Test Preparation:You may be instructed to fast for 8-12 hours no food only water prior to the test Normal Test Result: 0.6 mg/dL –1.1 mg/dL in women and 0.7–1.3 mg/dL in men
As part of infertility testing if your partner is having trouble becoming pregnant or after a vasectomy to determine if the operation was successful Specimen:A semen sample collected in a sterile wide-mouth container provided by the lab often collected on-site but sometimes it may be collected at home using a special condom obtained from a healthcare practitioner For infertility testing the sample must be analyzed within one hour of collection Two separate collections on two separate days may be required When To Get Tested: When you think you might have a fertility problem or about three months after you have had a vasectomy Test Preparation:For infertility testing refrain from having sex or masturbation for 2-5 days before sample collection carefully follow instructions provided Normal Test Result: median semen volume is 3.7 milliliters (ml)
To detect an abnormal testosterone level in males and females in males to help diagnose the cause of erectile dysfunction or the inability of your partner to get pregnant infertility in females to help diagnose the cause of masculine physical features virilization infertility or polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS in children to help determine the cause of genitals that are not clearly male or female ambiguous genitalia or delayed or early puberty Specimen:A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm a morning sample is preferred When To Get Tested: For males when you may be infertile or are unable to get or maintain an erection when you are a boy with either early or delayed sexual maturity puberty For females when you have male traits such as a low voice or excessive body hair hirsutism when you have abnormal uterine bleeding do not menstruate amenorrhea or are infertile Test Preparation:None Normal Test Result: normal range is typically 300 ng/dL to 1,000 ng/dL, according to the Food and Drug Administration
Fasting Blood Sugar
This is the test that measures blood sugar levels. Elevated levels are associated with diabetes and insulin resistance, in which the body cannot properly handle sugar.
13 Tests Included
- Fasting Blood Sugar
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