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What is bipolar disorder? How do I know if I have it?
21 Mar 2022
What is bipolar disorder? How do I know if I have it? image

Bipolar disorder was once called manic depression. It is a mental health condition in which one has sudden mood swings. Emotions shift from highs called hypomania to lows (depression) or vice versa. Moreover many famous figures, former U.K prime minister Winston Churchill, legendary artist Vincent van Gogh and American singer Selena Gomez suffered from bipolar disorder.

There are basically three types of Bipolar disorders: Bipolar I, Bipolar II, and cyclothymia

  1.  Bipolar I

It is comparatively a less severe phase. So people may experience hypomanic episodes in this condition. All sexes equally get affected by this type of bipolar disorder.

  1.  Bipolar II

Bipolar II patients have at least one major depressive episode that lasts at least two weeks. They also experience at least one 4-day hypomanic episode. So this kind of bipolar disorder is more common among women.

  1.  Cyclothymia

Hypomania and depression are common symptoms of cyclothymia. These episodes are characterized by symptoms that are shorter and less severe than those associated with bipolar I or bipolar II disorder, such as mania and depression. 

Moreover, the majority of persons with this disorder only have no mood symptoms for a month or two at a time.

How do you check if you are bipolar?

Bipolar disorder is a swift change from hypomania to depression so the symptoms of bipolar disorder are classified into two categories: depression and mania.

Symptoms for depression are,

  • Feeling sad or hopeless
  • Withdrawal from friends and family
  • Losing appetite
  • Talking slowly 
  • Thinking of death and suicide
  • Sleeping too much or too little

Symptoms for mania are,

  • Feeling jumpy or wired
  • Feeling overly happy for long period of time
  • Talking very fast
  • Low appetite
  • Showing risky behaviour
  • Becoming easily distracted
  • Decreases tendency to sleep

Do bipolar people hear voices?

Bipolar disorder can cause psychotic symptoms in certain people. Delusions, aural and visual hallucinations are common possibilities.

Moreover, many people with bipolar disorder claimed that they could hear voices in their heads. This happens when they are in an extremely high or low mood.

How serious is bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a serious mental health syndrome caused by mood swings, energy levels, and focus problems, along with other symptoms. It has the potential to severely impair a person’s life, although therapy can significantly improve the overall condition.

Also, many studies show that people show a significant drop in their productivity after getting affected by bipolar disorder.

Treatment for bipolar disorder

Treatment for bipolar disorder can include

  • Mood stabilizers (lithobid)
  • Antidepressants
  • Antipsychotics

As the most commonly recommended medications.

People also go for psychotherapies like:

  • Cognitive behavioural therapy
  • Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy
  • Psychoeducation 

When to get help

People with bipolar disorder are more likely to have suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Moreover, if you have suicidal thoughts, dial your local emergency number right away, talk to a psychologist, or confide in a trusted relative or friend.

For more help and support, contact us on 1800 889 2559

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