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What is Anorexia? What are its symptoms?
02 Feb 2022
What is Anorexia? What are its symptoms? image

We all heard about people who eat food without any control. Most of them will be fat people. 

But when gaining weight becomes a problem or a worry, the worry becomes obsessive. It leads to a condition called anorexia. It is an eating disorder that can result in huge weight loss. 

People who are affected by this will have an excessive fear of weight. Alos less amount of calories and vitamin in the body. 

Sometimes Anorexia can lead your life in a harder way. It is not just about food. You can also come up with emotional and unhealthy problems. 

So, with better treatment, you can bring back your old personality and make a good routine in life. 

Now, let’s discuss the main Symptoms of anorexia

There are two types of symptoms we can observe in people, one is physical and another one is emotional or behavioral. 

Firstly we discuss physical symptoms.

It will be quite hard to identify this symptom because the perception of body weight varies from each person. Even the anorexia-affected ones will not be thinner as we think many times. 

Here are the physical symptoms:-

  • Extreme weight loss or not making expected developmental weight gains
  • Thin appearance
  • Abnormal blood counts
  • Fatigue
  • Insomnia
  • Dizziness or fainting
  • Bluish discoloration of the fingers
  • Hair that thins, breaks, or falls out
  • Soft, downy hair covering the body
  • Absence of menstruation
  • Constipation and abdominal pain
  • Dry or yellowish skin
  • Intolerance of cold
  • Irregular heart rhythms
  • Low blood pressure
  • Dehydration
  • Swelling of arms or legs
  • Eroded teeth and calluses on the knuckles from induced vomiting

Emptional and behavioral symptoms

These types of symptoms are:-

  • Try to restrict eating food through dieting or fasting.
  • Tendency to self-induced vomiting to avoid food.
  • Exercising heavily.
  • Less interest in sex.
  • Always complaining about being fat and things related to this. 
  • Try to some specific foods which usually have fewer calories. 
  • Find some other activities not to eat food such as spitting food.
  • Covering up in layers of clothing
  • Flat mood (lack of emotion)
  • Social withdrawal
  • Irritability
  • Insomnia
  • Finding some ways to skip eating foods somehow.
  • Be shy or reject to eat in public. 

What are the causes of anorexia?

The fact is the real cause of anorexia is still unknown. Based on many studies, assume that it can be a combination of three things, biological, psychological, and environmental. 

Biological:-

There are more chances it is forwarded to you genetically. Even we couldn’t find the exact gene yet, there are higher chances for this. Also, people may have a genetic tendency toward perfectionism, sensitivity, and perseverance — all traits associated with anorexia.

Psychological:-

Some of them will have a unique personality where they stick with strict diets and forgot about food despite being hungry. These people are normally perfectionists. Also, they may have high-level anxiety and engage in restrictive eating to reduce it.

Environmental:-

As per our social status, being thin is part of beauty. So, if you have friends who are thin and good body shape, most probably you will have some sort of peer pressure. It is mostly shown among young girls. 

When to see a doctor?

Unfortunately, many people with anorexia don’t want treatment, at least initially. Their desire to remain thin overrides concerns about their health. If you have a loved one you’re worried about, urge her or him to talk to a doctor.

If you are a person experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, you must seek the help of a doctor. 

Don’t forget about your loved ones also. Talk to them with free mind t them to understand how their life is going on. 

How to prevent anorexia?

There is no exact way to prevent anorexia Nervosa. It is better to notice people’s behavioral and emotional changes. 

If you see a family member or friend with low energy, rejecting foods and always talking about losing weight, you must take care of them. 

Risk factors

Anorexia is more common among teenagers. But people of any age can come up with it. 

Here are some risk factors:-

Genetics:- 

Specific changes in specific genes can be a higher risk. If your parent or grandfather is affected by this, then you are more vulnerable to this.

Dieting and starvation:-

Dieting is a risk factor for developing an eating disorder. There is strong evidence that many of the symptoms of anorexia are symptoms of starvation. Starvation affects the brain and influences mood changes, rigidity in thinking, anxiety, and reduction in appetite. Starvation and weight loss may change the way the brain works in vulnerable individuals, which may perpetuate restrictive eating behaviors and make it difficult to return to normal eating habits.

Sudden incidents:-

Whether it is a new job, breakup, new home, or disease to your loved ones can bring emotional stress that can cause anorexia. 

Am I anorexic if I have no appetite?

Anorexia is a general loss of appetite or a loss of interest in food. When some people hear the word “anorexia,” they think of the eating disorder anorexia nervosa. But there are differences between the two. Anorexia nervosa doesn’t cause loss of appetite.

How much do you need to eat a day?

Recommended calorie intake depends on factors such as age, size, height, sex, lifestyle, and overall general health. Recommended daily calorie intakes in the US are around 2,500 for men and 2,000 for women. Eating a big breakfast could help with weight reduction and maintenance

Conclusion:-

Anorexia is not a serious issue. Most of the time we can’t recognize it. 

So, if you have any of these symptoms, you must consult a doctor. Also, don’t forget to take care of your loved ones. 

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