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Don’t worry about Stroke again
23 Sep 2021
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Table of Contents

Stroke – Overview
What is Stroke?
What are the types of stroke?
What are the symptoms of a stroke?
How to spot a stroke?
How is a stroke treated?
How to prevent stroke?

Overview

It is a fact that the advancement of the medical field has contributed to reducing critical medical conditions. This has also been the case of stroke. A stroke is a medical emergency and should be considered seriously. A person experiencing a stroke should immediately get medical attention. This article covers all the topics you need to know about stroke, precaution, prevention, and treatment.

What is Stroke?

A stroke is a serious medical condition that occurs when blood supply to the brain has decreased. The insufficient blood supply in the brain results in reduced oxygen and nutrient flow to the brain. As a result, the cells in the brain die in a few moments.

Early medical help can save the patient from brain damage and other crucial health risks. The good news is that the number of critical conditions associated with stroke has decreased in the past few years. 

What are the types of stroke?

Strokes are mainly classified into three. They are:

  1. Ischemic stroke

Most strokes that happen usually are ischemic strokes. Ischemic stroke happens when the artery that supports oxygen-rich blood becomes blocked.

  1. Hemorrhagic stroke

A hemorrhagic stroke happens when the artery carrying blood ruptures and the leaked blood inserts much pressure in the brain cell. High blood pressure can be a factor that causes a hemorrhagic stroke.

What are the symptoms of a stroke?

You should be very attentive if you have any symptoms associated with stroke. Most of the time, the treatments given at early stages are more effective and can decrease the complexities involved.

Some major symptoms associated with stroke may include:

  1. Trouble speaking and understanding what others are saying:

This is one of the most common symptoms associated with stroke. We find it very difficult to understand what people with stroke are speaking as their words become unclear, slur, and confusing.

  1. Paralysis

Paralysis or numbness associated with the face, arm, or leg is another symptom of stroke. If you doubt anyone is having a stroke, try raising both their arms over their head. If only one of their arm falls, then they are experiencing a stroke

Most of the time paralysis caused by stroke is associated with only one side of the body. The face of the person who is experiencing a stroke may droop as he/she is trying to smile or talk.

  1. Headache

A strong headache accompanied by drowsiness, vomiting, dizziness can also be a symptom of having a stroke

  1. Loss of coordination

People experiencing a stroke may lose their balance while doing activities such as standing and walking. Stumbling or falling while standing is a common symptom that people with stroke may experience.

Some people may also experience symptoms such as:

  • Depression
  • Vision problem
  • Headache
  • Bladder related problems

How to spot a stroke?

Many times, people with strokes cannot be spotted as their symptoms cannot be spotted. But there is an easy way to spot a person with a stroke. Learning the acronym ‘FAST’ can help to stroke and take action in time

F- FACE DROOPING 

Does one side of the person’s face become numb? Ask the person to smile. Is the person’s face uneven while smiling?

A-ARM WEAKNESS

Is one arm of the person weak? Ask the person to raise both hands and is one arm falling?

S- SPEECH SLURRED

Is the person’s speech unclear while talking?

T- TIME TO ACT

If the above symptoms are experienced by the person you should seek medical help as soon as possible.

How is a stroke treated?

At the hospital, you will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. Your doctor may also advise you to undergo a scan to detect the type of stroke you are experiencing. Other procedures in the hospital may include:

  1. Endovascular procedures:

Endovascular procedures are mainly for persons suffering from hemorrhagic strokes. During endovascular procedures, the doctor may insert a long tube through a major artery in the legs and it is guided to the spot of damage. Then the doctor installs a coil at the spot of damage.

  1. Surgical procedures:

In some cases, surgery is required for those suffering the risk of stroke. During surgery, they may remove contaminated blood and damaged blood vessels from the brain.

How to prevent stroke?

Stroke can also depend on so many factors including your family history. But there are things that we could take to prevent stroke which include:

  1. Lowering blood pressure
  2. Active in more physical activities
  3. Reduce bodyweight if you are obese
  4. Treat atrial fibrillation
  5. Reduce alcohol consumption
  6. Quit smoking
  7. Maintain blood sugar

Many people ignore the signs and symptoms of a stroke. You should immediately consult a neurologist without any doubt if you think you or people you know have the signs of stroke. You should also be able to handle a situation, where a person is having a stroke without hesitation. Remembering the acronym ‘FAST’ will help detect a stroke.

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