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Recognizing autism in children
25 Feb 2022
Recognizing autism in children image

Autism or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a wide term used to describe a set of neurodevelopmental conditions. Autism spectrum disorder exhibits itself in a variety of ways in various persons. This developmental disorder impacts on how people communicate, act, and interact with others.

Regardless of any parameters ASD affects people of all races, ethnicities, cultures, and socioeconomic backgrounds.

Causes of autism

All of the causes of autism spectrum disease are unknown to experts. Although it appears to be inherited, other factors such as parental age and prescription medications used throughout pregnancy could also play a role. For example

  1. If a brother, sibling, or parent is on the spectrum, a person is more likely to be on it as well. It does not, however, necessarily run in families.
  2. Studies also show that around 10% of children with ASD have a genetic condition such Down syndrome or fragile X syndrome.
  3. Women who have taken opioids just before pregnancy are likelier to have a child with autism.
  4. Studies also have found that there is a link between ASD and the advanced parental age of either parent.

Signs of autism in children

Autism can appear differently in boys and girls. Autistic girls, for example, may be quieter, hide their emotions and appear to cope better in social circumstances. As a result, autism may be more difficult to detect in girls.

Few known signs that autistic children showcases are:

  1. Avoiding eye contact

Avoiding eye contact is one of the main signs of autism. Children feel uncomfortable when they confront a person as they speak.

  1. No response to their name

Usually, a child with autism doesn’t respond to their name when called out. This is another sign of ASD

  1. Hesitant to smile back

Children with autism will not smile back even when you smile at them. “Does he smile when you smile?”. The screening test for signs of autistic spectrum disorders in children includes questions like those above.

  1. Gets upset often

They become upset and restless if they do not enjoy a particular taste, fragrance, or a sound.

  1. Repetitive actions

Children who have this condition keep themselves engaged in flapping their hands, flicking their fingers, or swaying their body repetitively.

  1. Doesn’t talk much

Parents often complain about their children who are autistic that they don’t talk as much as other children.

  1. Repeating the same phrases

Many children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit echolalia, which is when they repeat the words or sentences of others. They may repeat the words of people they know (parents, instructors), or they may repeat sentences from a favorite film.

What are the 3 main symptoms of autism?

Three main symptoms of autism in children are:

  • Social awkwardness in children
  • Delayed milestones
  • The child tends to have trouble with verbal and nonverbal communication.

Identification 

Early monitoring (collecting or gathering information) and screening can detect the signs and symptoms of ASD (testing). Surveillance, also known as developmental monitoring, is an active, ongoing practice of observing a child’s growth and generating dialogues between parents and carers regarding a child’s skills and abilities.

 Screening is the process by which a parent or provider completes a checklist or questionnaire developed specifically to spot concerns that require further investigation. 

General developmental screening should take place at the 9-, 18-, 24-, or 30-month well-child visits, as well as anytime a concern is expressed. Autism-specific screening should also take place during the 18-, 24-, or 30-month visits, as well as whenever a concern is raised.

Bottom line

Understand that ASD is a complicated disorder. It takes time for an autistic person, whether a child or an adult, to find the best support system for them.

Find the best neurologist and get the development therapy at the earliest because the most effective therapy requires early and intensive behavioral intervention. The sooner a child enrolls in one of these programs, the better is his or her outlook on the future. 

For more help and support, contact us on 1800 889 2559

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