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How to prevent heart attack
19 Mar 2022
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A heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, heart attack usually occurs when a blood clot prevents blood flow to the heart. When sufficient blood doesn’t reach your body tissues lose oxygen and die. The longer it goes without treatment to restore blood flow, the more damage is caused to the heart muscle.

Although heart disease is a primary cause of death, it is not unavoidable. While some risk factors, such as family history, gender, or age, cannot be changed, there are numerous strategies to minimize your risk of heart disease.

Symptoms of heart attack

Symptoms can differ from person to person or from one heart attack to the next. You may not detect any symptoms of a heart attack in some cases (a “silent” myocardial infarction). Diabetes patients are more likely to experience this.

Common symptoms of heart attacks include:

  • A squeezing pain in your chest or arm 
  • Sweating, vomiting, or dizziness
  • Discomfort that goes into your back, jaw, throat, or arm
  • Indigestion or a heartburn feeling
  • Severe weakness and shortness of breath
  • Uneven heartbeat 

Causes of heart attack 

One of the plaques ruptures (bursts) before a heart attack, causing a blood clot to form at the location of the rupture. The clot may obstruct blood flow to the heart, resulting in a heart attack. The main reason for such blockage and known causes of  heart attacks are:

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • High level of cholesterol
  • High-fat diet
  • Hypertension 
  • Being overweight
  • Obesity 

Risk factors of heart attack

  1. Age

 As you become older, your risk of developing heart disease rises. Men aged 45 and up, as well as women aged 55 and up, are at a higher risk.

  1. Sex

Some risk factors may affect the risk of heart disease differently in men and women. For example, estrogen offers some protection against heart disease in women, while diabetes increases the risk of heart disease in women more than in men.

  1. Race or ethnicity

Certain groups are at a higher risk than others. African Americans are more likely than whites to have heart disease, but Hispanic Americans are less likely. Some Asian communities, such as East Asians, have lower rates, while South Asians have greater rates.

  1. Family history

You are at a higher risk of heart conditions run in your family. If you have a close family member who has heart disease you should take precautions.

How to prevent heart attack?

Maintain a healthy weight

Obesity or being overweight can increase your risk of heart disease. This is primarily due to their association with other risk factors for heart disease, such as high blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, and diabetes. These dangers can be reduced by maintaining a healthy weight.

Eat a healthy diet

Limit your intake of saturated fats, sodium-rich foods, and added sweets. Consume plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as whole grains. An ideal eating plan can assist you in lowering your blood pressure and cholesterol, both of which can reduce your risk of heart disease.

Control your blood pressure

High blood pressure is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease. It is critical to have your blood pressure checked regularly, at least once a year for most adults, and more frequently if you have high blood pressure. Take actions to avoid or control high blood pressure, including dietary and lifestyle modifications.

Proper exercise

Exercise daily to keep your heart as well as your whole body healthy. It can also help in the maintenance of a healthy weight as well as the reduction of cholesterol and blood pressure. All of these things can help reduce your risk of heart disease.

Avoid cigarettes

Cigarette smoking elevates blood pressure and increases your risk of heart attack and stroke. Don’t start smoking if you don’t already. If you smoke, quitting reduces your chance of heart disease. 

Stress management

Stress is linked to heart disease. It has the potential to elevate your blood pressure. Excessive stress can act as a “trigger” for a heart attack. Furthermore, certain common stress-relieving behaviors, such as overeating, heavy drinking, and smoking, are harmful to your heart. Exercise, listening to music, focusing on something calm or serene, and meditation are all strategies to help manage stress.

In general, it is strongly advised to seek medical assistance if you are experiencing chest pain. Serious or life-threatening causes of chest pain usually develop suddenly and do not improve on their own.

 So if the chest pain occurs at rest, becomes more severe, or lasts for an extended period, it is essential to seek emergency medical assistance.

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