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How do I make my headache go away?
15 Feb 2022
How do I make my headache go away? image

Headaches are painful and tiresome, we find it hard to go to school or work suffering from it. Studies show that headache is one of the most common pains in the world and almost 75% of adults had it last year. 

Headaches are often related to stress or tension. Headaches due to tension trigger tight muscles in your scalp, shoulders, neck, and jaw. You are more likely to get tension headaches if you work too much, miss meals, do not get sleep, or use alcohol.

What are the types of headaches ?

There are more than a hundred types of headaches. Based on medical conditions they are mainly classified into two groups, primary headaches, and secondary headaches.

Primary headaches are those which are not due to any other medical conditions.

  • Tension headaches

This is a form of primary headache. It is usually a constant dull ache on both sides of the head that arises gradually, in the middle of the day as if they have a tight band around their head.

  • New daily persistent headaches (NDPH).

Forms suddenly and persists for more than three months. They typically occur in people who weren’t having such frequent headaches before. The pain of NDPH is Located on both sides of the head, constant and persistent without easing up.

  • Migraine.

A migraine headache may involve pulsating, throbbing pain. It often occurs on one side of the head but may switch sides.

  • Cluster headaches.

These headaches usually last between three hours and may occur one to eight times per day.

Cluster headaches may frequently arise between 4 – 12 weeks and then disappear. They tend to happen at around the same time each day. This condition often involves brief but severe pain around or behind the eye on one side of the face

Secondary headaches are those related to other health conditions.

  • Tumor
  • Head injury.
  • Infection.
  • High blood pressure (hypertension).
  • Trauma.
  • Medication overuse
  • Sinus congestion
  • Condition of blood vessels in the brain

Causes of headaches

A primary headache isn’t a symptom of an underlying disease and it can be due to

chemical activity in your brain, the nerves or blood vessels surrounding your skull, or the muscles of your head and neck also a combination of these factors can play a role in primary headaches. Some people may have genes that make them more likely to develop headaches often. The known causes for primary headaches are,

  1. Alcohol
  2. Changes in sleep or lack of sleep
  3. Certain foods, such as processed meats that contain nitrates
  4. Poor posture
  5. Skipped meals
  6. Stress

On the other hand, a secondary headache is a symptom of an underlying disease or a health condition that can activate the pain-sensitive nerves of the head. Few causes of such headaches can be,

  1. Acute sinusitis
  2. Blood clot (venous thrombosis) within the brain
  3. Brain tumor
  4. Carbon monoxide poisoning
  5. Concussion
  6. Dehydration 
  7. Ear infection 
  8. Dental problems
  9. Glaucoma 
  10. Giant cell arteries
  11. Hangovers 
  12. Influenza 
  13. High blood pressure (HBP)
  14.  Stress 
  15. Panic attacks

Diagnosis of headaches 

Generally, headache diagnosis begins with a physical exam and a thorough overview of medical history. As there are many types of headaches, Your doctor will likely examine you for signs of illness, infection, or neurological problems. If the cause of your headaches remains uncertain, your doctor might step up and use other diagnosis methods like imaging tests, such as a CT scan or MRI, to look for an underlying medical condition.

 Many methods might be used to diagnose which type of headache you are experiencing. It’s important to understand whether you’re having a primary or secondary headache to receive effective treatment.

Treatment 

Treatment procedures can vary from person to person. Each type of headache will be treated differently. Treatments could range from simple diet changes to invasive procedures performed by a medical professional.

Common primary headaches may be treated with aspirin or acetaminophen while secondary headaches are treated with surgeries.

If you’re experiencing headaches, it persists and you’re not able to treat it on your own, speak with a doctor about putting together a treatment plan.

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