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What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
22 Mar 2022
What are the symptoms of breast cancer? image

Breast cancer is a form of cancer that develops in the breast and spreads to other parts of the body. It can begin in either one or both of the breasts.

When cells proliferate out of control, cancer develops. After skin cancer breast cancer is the second most prevalent cancer in women. Breast cancer can strike both men and women, although it affects women significantly more frequently.

Types of breast cancer

One method doctors characterize breast cancer is depending on where it starts or spreads in your body.

Carcinoma and adenocarcinoma are two types of cancer. Carcinomas begin in the tissues that line your breasts and other organs and spread from there. The vast majority of breast cancers are carcinomas.

Breast cancers are commonly adenocarcinomas, a kind of carcinoma. These tumors begin in the cells that line the milk ducts (ductal carcinoma) or the glands that produce milk (lobe carcinoma) (lobular carcinoma).

What are the main causes of breast cancer?

A breast cancer risk factor is anything that increases your chances of developing breast cancer. However, having one or more breast cancer risk factors does not guarantee that you will get breast cancer. Many women with breast cancer have no recognized risk factors other than the fact that they are women. However few known causes of breast cancer are,

  • Being female
  • Age
  • Personal history of breast conditions
  • Family history
  • Personal history of breast cancer
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Inherited genes
  • Radiation exposure
  • Obesity
  • Having your first child at an older age
  • Having never been pregnant

Hormonal, lifestyle, and environmental factors have all been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer, according to research. However, it’s unclear why some people with no risk factors get cancer and others with risk factors never do. Breast cancer is most likely caused by a complicated combination between your genetic makeup and your environment.

What are the early symptoms of breast cancer

Look for the following early indicators of breast cancer:

  • The form of the nipple changes.
  • Clear, red, brown, or yellow nipple discharge from breast
  • Swelling or a lump under the arm anywhere around the collarbone.
  • A  lump that persists even after your next period
  • Breast pain that persists even after your next period
  • Breast redness, swelling, skin irritation, itching, or rash without a reasonable explanation.

These are the early symptoms of breast cancer. There can be a few other symptoms if you have cancer like,

  • Thickening or swelling of the breast.
  • Irritation or tightening of breast skin.
  • Redness or flaky skin in the nippular area of the breast.
  • Pulling in of the nipple and pain in the nipple area.

How does breast cancer start?

Breast cancer develops when some breast cells begin to grow inappropriately, according to doctors. These cells divide at a faster rate than healthy cells and continue to grow, generating a lump or mass. Cells in your breast may spread (metastasize) to your lymph nodes or other places of your body.

At what age does breast cancer occur?

The majority of breast cancers are diagnosed in women over the age of 50. Some women will develop breast cancer despite having no other known risk factors. You don’t have to have a risk factor to have the disease, and not all risk factors have the same effect.

How to reduce my risk of breast cancer?

Even in high-risk women, lifestyle adjustments have been shown to reduce the incidence of breast cancer. To reduce your risk, do the following:

  • Be physically active
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Reduce alcohol consumption
  • Breastfeed
  • Regulate postmenopausal hormone therapy

Proper diagnosing and screenings may help detect cancer early when it is easier to treat. The treatment plan and outlook for people with cancer can depend on certain factors like the type of cancer, the stage at which it is diagnosed, and their age.

Book an appointment with your doctor at the earliest If you think you are having symptoms of cancer.

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