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Eczema and your skin: Symptoms, causes
09 Feb 2022
Eczema and your skin: Symptoms, causes image

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis is a skin condition that makes your skin dry, itchy, and red. It is brought on by a mix of factors including immune system activation, genetics, environmental triggers, and stress. 

Your immune system overreacts to tiny irritants or allergens if you have eczema. Moreover, your skin may become inflamed as a result of this overreaction. Also, this condition is common in children. Eczema is a chronic skin condition that can show up periodically.

What are the different types of eczema?

There are seven known variants of eczema. They are:

  • Atopic dermatitis: it is the most common type of eczema. It is mainly common among children
  • Contact dermatitis: After coming into contact with an allergen or irritant, contact dermatitis causes the skin to become red and irritated. It can be brought on by a variety of factors.
  • Neurodermatitis: Neurodermatitis, also known as lichen simplex chronicus, is a kind of eczema that causes skin to become itchy and inflamed. Neurodermatitis affects about one out of every eight persons.
  • Seborrheic dermatitis: The skin condition seborrheic dermatitis develops an itchy rash with crusty scales. On light skin, it causes redness, and on darker skin, it causes light patches. Dandruff, cradle cap, seborrhea, seborrheic eczema, and seborrheic psoriasis are some of the other names for it.
  • Dyshidrotic eczema: This type of eczema is also called pompholyx. It causes tiny, intensely itchy sores on the hands and feet.
  • Stasis dermatitis: Stasis dermatitis is a chronic skin disorder that produces itching, ulceration, and inflammation in the lower legs. It is more common in those who have other underlying medical issues.
  • Nummular eczema: Nummular eczema, also known as nummular dermatitis or discoid eczema, is a chronic but curable skin condition that results in coin-shaped patches. These marks are usually itchy and distinct. It’s possible that they’ll exude clear fluid or grow dry and crusty.

It’s possible to have multiple types of eczema on the same body at the same time. But each type of eczema has its unique set of symptoms and treatment requirements, which is why it’s critical to speak with a doctor who specializes in eczema therapy. 

Dermatologists, in particular, can assist you in determining the form of eczema you have and how to treat and prevent future flare-ups.

What are the symptoms of eczema?

Symptoms of eczema can vary according to the age of the person and other health conditions. However, few general eczema symptoms are common for almost all types of eczema.

  • Dry and scaly skin
  • Skin flushing
  • Open sores
  • Itching
  • Swelling
  • Bumps on the skin surface
  • Red rashes 

What causes eczema?

Eczema is brought on by a variety of factors including immune system activation, genetics, environmental triggers, and stress.

Furthermore, some people with eczema don’t produce enough of a protein called filaggrin(filament aggregating protein) according to studies. This protein is in charge of keeping your skin hydrated and healthy. Moreover, the main causes of eczema are:

  1. Your immune system

Your immune system reacts when it comes into contact with the allergens this inflammation Can cause skin problems.

  1. Environmental factors

Environmental irritants like cigarette smoke, air pollutants, harsh chemicals in soaps, fabrics such as wool, and some skin products can trigger eczema. Heat and humidity can produce sweat which also causes itching.

  1. Stress 

Studies show that mental conditions can trigger or cause skin problems like eczema.

  1. Genetics 

If your family has a history of dermatitis, you’re more likely to have eczema and if you have a history of asthma, hay fever, or allergies, you’re at a higher risk.

If you think you have these symptoms get assistance and consult a doctor as soon as possible. However, some rashes can be due to underlying conditions early diagnosing can get you adequate treatments.

For more help and support, contact us on 1800 889 2559.

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