Table of Contents
|What is diarrhea?|
|What are the classifications of diarrhea?|
|What causes diarrhea?|
|What are the symptoms of diarrhea?|
|When should you consult a doctor?|
|How to treat diarrhea?|
|How to prevent diarrhea?|
We all have experienced that situation at least once a year where we go to the bathroom as we have a bowel movement or loose stools. When we have watery and loose stools, then it is called diarrhea. Diarrhea can cause many issues including pain and dehydration. In this article, we are going to see all that we need to know about diarrhea.
When a person has loose or watery stools which occur continuously than usual, then the person is said to have diarrhea. Most of the time the cause of diarrhea is unknown and it goes away without any medical treatment.
Diarrhea can occur due to the intervention of bacteria. Diarrhea can lead to many serious issues such as dehydration, electrolyte imbalance in the body, and in serious cases, it can even lead to kidney failure.
Anyone can have diarrhea but, diarrhea can be serious in people such as:
Diarrhea can be mainly classified into many types depending upon their nature. The three main types of diarrhea include:
It is the most common type of diarrhea. It includes bowel movements associated with loose, watery stools. Acute diarrhea usually lasts from one to two days and goes away without any medical interventions.
Persistent diarrhea is considered a serious health condition. It can last from two to four weeks. In a healthy person, persistent diarrhea can cause many serious health issues. People with weak immune systems are more prone to persistent diarrhea.
Chronic diarrhea can be caused by issues related to the pancreas, intestinal disorders, and sometimes due to the side effects of certain medications and treatments. They can last for more than four weeks and often come regularly.
The most common cause of diarrhea is a virus that affects your bowel. The most common causes of diarrhea include:
Symptoms of diarrhea can vary from person to person depending on the type of diarrhea they are experiencing. Sometimes people with diarrhea can have a few or all the symptoms mentioned below:
As mentioned earlier, most cases of diarrhea will go away without any medical treatment. But you should not take every symptom of diarrhea carelessly. If you have the following symptoms then you should immediately seek medical help
Diarrhea usually requires no advanced treatments. In cases when you are experiencing a condition where you need medical help. Some of the most common medical treatments include:
Antibiotic is many used to treat cases of diarrhea which is caused by bacteria or other parasites
They are mainly used when the gut has more unhealthy bacteria that cause diarrhea. Probiotics help to maintain a proper ratio of bacteria in the gut.
In some cases, your doctor will advise you to drink fluids to restore electrolyte contents in the body. In cases, if consuming liquids upset your stomach, then you will be advised to consume IV fluids.
If a specific medication or antibiotic is responsible for causing diarrhea then, your doctor may advise you to lower the dose.
Even though many cases of diarrhea can occur due to several other factors such as medications, there are ways to prevent diarrhea caused by our lifestyle and food habits. The most important way to prevent diarrhea is to curtail the contact with microorganisms that cause them. Some of the methods to prevent diarrhea include:
Diarrhea is a very common situation and there is nothing to be ashamed of to say about it. Consult a gastroenterologist, if you are experiencing severe symptoms of diarrhea.