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Do not normalize depression
20 Oct 2021
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Table of Contents

What is the real meaning of depression?
What exactly are the symptoms of depression?
What are the usual causes of depression?
What are the general methods used to treat depression?
How can we prevent depression?

Do you feel depressed often? Do you have doubts about your mental health? Are you sure that you are mentally fit and healthy? Don’t worry. We are here to answer all your queries. So in this article, we are going to discuss depression, its causes, treatment, and prevention.

What is the real meaning of depression?

Depression is a common medical condition that affects your mood. It can also affect the way you feel, the way you think, and the way you act. Luckily depression can be medically treated. Sometimes depression is associated with sadness, loss, anger, and loneliness.

People who are experiencing depression need to be cured as soon as possible. But, if not it can affect their social, personal as well as the financial environment. It is also possible that a depressed person will be having a lower productivity.

Depression is mainly classified into two. They are:

  1. Major depressive disorder
  2. Persistent depressive disorder

Depression not only affects you mentally, but it can also affect you physically. So depression should be cured as soon as possible. A person experiencing depression can worsen persisting physical conditions such as:

  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Asthma
  • Arthritis
  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Alzheimer’s disease

It is normal that at some point in our life we will be feeling sadness. But if you are feeling low or sad frequently, then you must be depressed. However, you should understand this situation before it defeats you.

What exactly are the symptoms of depression?

Depression can cause a variety of symptoms. Sometimes these symptoms can vary differently in males and females too.

Symptoms in men

Usual symptoms of depression associated with men may include:

1. Mood changes

Mood changes that are commonly found in men may include:

  • Anger
  • Irritability
  • Restlessness
  • Anxiousness

2. Behavioral changes

Major behavioral changes caused due to depression in men are:

  • Loss of interest
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Drug usage

3. Sleep pattern changes

Depression can also cause sleep disorders such as:

  • Insomnia
  • Restless sleep
  • Excessive sleepiness

4. Physical problems

The main physical problems that are caused due to depression are:

  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Digestive problem

Symptoms in women

Usual symptoms of depression associated with men may include:

1. Emotional disturbances

Usually, depression can cause emotional disturbances in women such as:

  • Feeling sad
  • Hopelessness
  • Anxiousness

2. Sleep pattern changes

Most common sleep pattern changes in women caused due to depression include:

  • Difficulty in sleeping
  • Sleepwalking
  • Sleeping too long

3. Cognitive ability changes

Cognitive ability changes associated with women due to depression include:

  • Thinking too much 
  • Talking too slowly

4. Behavioral changes

Women who are experiencing depression can also undergo many behavioral changes. Some of them are:

  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Withdrawing from hobbies 
  • Less interest in social engagements

What are the usual causes of depression?

Many factors cause depression. Each factor may differ from person to person. The usual factors that cause depression are:

1. Family history

Hereditary can also affect depression. You are at a high risk of having depression, especially if any of your family members possess factors like mood disorder or any other mental health issues.

2. Childhood trauma

Events that happened in your childhood can influence your mind and can persist even after many years. Some events that happened so long can alter your body’s reaction towards fear or stressful situations.

3. Drug usage

People who are addicted to drugs can have depression and other mental health-related issues. Substance abuse can increase feelings such as sadness, loneliness, and hopelessness which are usually related to the symptoms of depression

4. Brain structure

Brain structure can seriously affect the symptoms and intensity of depression. In addition, if the frontal lobe of your brain is less responsive, then it can support the onset of depression and other mental health issues.

What are the general methods used to treat depression?

Treatment of depression is very necessary, to live our lives to the fullest. Treating depression can increase the quality of life too. The general methods used to treat depression include:

1. Medications

If you are struggling with depression your health expert may use certain medications to treat depression. The most common medications associated with treating depression include:

  • Antidepressants
  • Anti-anxiety medications
  • Antipsychotic medications

2. Light therapy

Light therapy is a common treatment used to treat depression. It is also proved that when a person is exposed to white light it can improve mood and reduce the symptoms related to depression.

3. Talk therapy

This method is also known as psychotherapy is a method to treat depression. It includes talking with the therapist. During the talk session, your doctor will be able to know the reason and suitable method to reduce the issues related to your depression.

How can we prevent depression?

Depression is a very hard medical condition to prevent. Many causes affect depression. But once you have experienced depression, it will be easier for you to prevent it. Some of the simple steps we could adopt to prevent depression are:

  1. Get sufficient sleep
  2. Engage in physical activities
  3. Eat a healthy diet
  4. Talk to your family and friends also during hard times
  5. Consult a therapist without hesitation so that you can take help.

Moreover, depression is a common medical issue nowadays due to lifestyle changes and other factors too. Our medical system has proven ways which help you to combat depression.

Depression is a case of mental health. So if you feel depressed you should immediately consult a psychologist as soon as possible.

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