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Asthma symptoms in children
02 Mar 2022
Asthma symptoms in children image

Childhood asthma is not different from adult asthma, children confront distinct difficulties. Asthma is a primary cause of emergency hospital visits, hospitalizations, and school absences in children.

When exposed to certain triggers, such as pollen or acquiring a cold or other respiratory illness, the lungs and airways of children with asthma become quickly irritated. Asthma in children can create uncomfortable daily symptoms that interfere with their activities like play, sports, school, and sleep. Uncontrolled asthma in some children can result in life-threatening asthma attacks.

Even though childhood asthma is the same lung condition that adults have, children’s symptoms are typically distinct. This is also known as paediatric asthma by doctors.

What is asthma?

Asthma is a chronic (long-term) lung disease. It affects your airways, the tubes that carry air in and out of your lungs. When you have asthma, your airways can become inflamed and narrowed. This can cause wheezing, coughing, and tightness in your chest. When these symptoms get worse than usual, it is called an asthma attack or flare-up.

Causes for asthma in children

  1. Allergens

Children can be allergic to things like cockroaches, dust mites, pet dander and pollen.

  1. Airway infections

Infections in the respiratory path can be another reason for asthma in children. This includes colds, pneumonia, and sinus infections.

  1. Environmental factors

Things like air pollution, chemicals, cold air, odours, or smoke can bother their airways.

  1. Exercise

Exercise and rise of breath rate due it can lead to wheezing, coughing, and a tight chest.

  1. Stress

Stress can make your child short of breath and worsen their already existing symptoms.

  1.  Inheritance 

There is a tendency to develop allergies and asthma if it runs in the family, especially parents with asthma.

At what age does childhood asthma start?

Asthma is the most common long-term (chronic) paediatric condition. It normally appears before the age of five. Many allergic youngsters develop asthma, but not all. Furthermore, not every child with asthma has allergies.

Can asthma be cured?

No, asthma cannot be cured fully, but it can be controlled to the point where the symptoms are insignificant. Asthma is not treatable because it is a chronic and long-term disorder. It is, however, highly treatable if a patient receives competent treatment.

Symptoms of asthma in children

Asthma symptoms differ from child to child. From one episode to the next a child’s symptoms may change. Common asthma symptoms and signs in children include:

  • A persistent cough
  • Coughing during play, exercise or while laughing and crying especially at night in cold air
  • A worsened cough after a viral infection
  • Less energy during play, and difficulty in catching their breath during activities
  • Showing less interest in sports or social activities
  • Sleeping trouble because of breathing problems
  • Rapid breathing
  • Pain and tightness in chest
  • Whistling sound when breathing in or out
  • Retractions in the chest 
  • Shortness of breath
  • Feeling weak or fatigue
  • Trouble eating in infants

When to see a doctor

Diagnosis of asthma in children under the age of five can be challenging since toddlers cough or wheeze for a variety of reasons. Consult a doctor if your child exhibits any of the following symptoms

Wheezing occurs more than once, with or without illness. Coughing is continuous and worsens at night. You are concerned about your child’s respiration troubles.

If you suspect your child has asthma, take help from a doctor ASAP. Early therapy will aid in symptom control and may even prevent asthma attacks.

For more help and support, contact us on 1800 889 2559.

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