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Infectious disease
More people are dying of malaria than any specific disease

There are more people dying of malaria than any specific disease.

Bill Gates

What do we know about malaria? Is it only a mosquito-related disease? We are going to clarify all your doubts.

In this article, we are going to discuss all that you need to know about malaria, its causes, treatment, and ways to prevent it.

What exactly is malaria?

Malaria is a disease that is caused by parasites that carried by infected organisms like mosquitoes (usually female anopheles mosquitos). When the infected mosquitos bite humans, these parasites get transferred and it results in malaria.

Malaria is not so common in semi-arid regions. They are usually found in tropical as well as subtropical regions. It is estimated that each year about 290 million people are getting affected and about 4 lakh people die due to the disease.

What are the 4 types of malaria?

The main four types of malaria are Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum), Plasmodium malariae (P. malaria), Plasmodium vivax (P. vivax), Plasmodium ovale (P. ovale), Plasmodium knowlesi (P. knowlesi)

But Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax are the most common types which usually spread in humans.

How do you know if you have malaria?

If you have malaria, then you will experience any one or many of the following symptoms such as:

  1. Fever
  2. Chills
  3. Cough
  4. Headache
  5. Nausea
  6. Vomiting
  7. Stomach pain
  8. Diahrrea
  9. Joint pain
  10. Fatigue
  11. Uneven heartbeat
  12. Fast breathing
  13. Bloody stool
  14. Anemia
  15. Continuous sweating

When should you see a doctor?

You should immediately visit a doctor if you experience any of the following symptoms such as:

  1. A very high body temperature
  2. Diarrhea
  3. Jaundice
  4. Renal failure

Signs and symptoms can only be seen a few weeks after you are affected. So if you are experiencing severe symptoms, you should not ignore them carelessly because your carelessness can lead to many complications 

How is malaria caused?

Malaria is mainly caused if a mosquito which is affected by Plasmodium parasites bites us. Other than the bite from an infected mosquito, other factors which are responsible for malaria include:

  1. To an unborn child from mother
  2. Due to blood donations
  3. Usage of used syringes or needles

Who is most affected by malaria?

The cause of malaria depends on the local preventive methods, seasonal changes, and individual precautions taken. Malaria can spread more on people such as:

  1. Old people
  2. Young children
  3. Pregnant women and infants
  4. People with HIV/AIDS
  5. People with low immunity

How is malaria diagnosed in hospital?

When you approach your doctor, they will first analyze your medical history and your recent travel history because it gives a clear idea about the source. Your doctor will also perform a physical examination to understand more about your condition.

If your doctor suspects that you have the symptoms of malaria, then you will have to undergo a blood test. This test will help your doctor to determine

  1. If you have malaria
  2. The type of malaria you are having
  3. Whether the condition has caused anemia
  4. If the disease has affected other organs

What is the best treatment for malaria?

For treating malaria, your doctor will provide you with medications and these medications will depend on the type of parasite that caused the condition. 

Some types of parasites are not resistant to malaria. So the medications provided by your doctor alone cannot cure the disease. In such cases, your doctor will prescribe you to take more than one type of medicine.

Sometimes the treatment method chosen by your doctor can vary depending upon the factors such as  :

  1. The severity of the symptoms
  2. Age
  3. Health conditions
  4. If you are pregnant

What are the ways to prevent malaria?

You should be cautious if you are traveling to an area where malaria is common. The only way to prevent malaria is by taking all the necessary steps to avoid mosquito bites. Some of the common methods that we could adopt to protect ourselves from mosquito bites are:

  1. Wear protective clothing such as full sleeves
  2. Use a mosquito net over the bed 
  3. Spray insect repellents in cases on your exposed skin and light clothes
  4. Ensure that your surroundings are neat and clean
  5. Take antimalarial tablets prescribed by your doctor

As always prevention is better than cure. Even though malaria is not so common in temperate climate regions, without proper preventive measures there is a chance that these diseases can spread at a higher rate.
If you suspect that you have any symptoms associated with malaria, then you should immediately consult a general practitioner as soon as possible.

20 Oct 2021
malaria
prevent malaria
Fitness
Health
How many calories should I eat a day?

Calories is a commonly heard word especially for those who are concerned about physical health. But what is the appropriate amount of calorie intake we should intake daily? This is a common doubt. 

In this article, we are going to give you a clear idea of the proper amount of calorie intake. So that the next time when you plan your diet you will not be confused.

What is calorie in a food?

Before knowing the proper amount of calorie intake, let us have a look at the term calorie. Let us not make it complicated. In simple words, a calorie is a unit of energy. It is the amount of energy that we get while we eat food and drinks.

Most of us have a thought that calories are only associated with food. But the fact is everything that has energy contains calories. Let us consider an example. 1kg of coal contains about 7,000,000 calories! Such a huge amount right.

A calorie is usually classified into two. They are:

1. A small calorie(cal)

Small calorie or cal is defined as the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree celsius.

2. A large calorie(kcal)

Large calorie or kcal is the amount of energy required to raise 1 kilogram (kg) of water by 1º C. It is also known as a kilocalorie.

What do calories do to your body?

The basic idea is that we all need calories so that our bodies will get enough energy. Our body needs a specific amount of energy to work and function properly.

When we do not intake sufficient food that contains calories, our body will not get enough energy. As a result, our cells would not function properly, our internal organs stop their function and ultimately it results in serious health issues and even death.

To have a healthy life we need to consume only enough calories demanded by our body. Both high and low-calorie consumption can lead to health problems. 

What affects calorie needs?

Not everyone requires the same amount of calories. Everyone in your family, among your friends, needs a different amount of calories according to the needs of their body to function properly. Some of the factors which determine calorie intake are:

1. Age

We all need more calories at the growing age. Childhood is the basement of our body’s growth. So sufficient energy is required by our body to function and to grow.

2. Lifestyle

Normally, people who are into physical work need more calories. Let us take an example of an athlete and a person working in an office. The athlete needs more calories to meet his/her daily energy needs.

3. Physical size

Physical size defines the shape, weight, and height of your body. If you are tall or have a good physique then you need more calorie intake than those who are short or slim in body size.

Besides, there are many other factors such as:

  • Hormones
  • Gender
  • Medications you are using
  • Hormonal status
  • Pregnancy
  • Dieting structure
  • Genetics

So it is very important to decide and plan your diet according to your body’s requirements. Everyone’s physique and the work they do vary. So the number of calories that you intake should be ruled by those factors.

What is the best time to eat?

You may be wondering about the above question. What is the relation between the time you eat food and calories? The time that we consume food is very important as it determines the utilization of calories in our bodies.

Studies show that the breakfast that we eat should contain 700kcal. This meal is very ideal for supporting weight loss. Heavy breakfast in the morning is also useful in reducing the risk of diabetes, cholesterol, and heart attacks.

What are empty calories and why should you avoid them?

Are you familiar with the term ‘empty calories? Empty calories are those calories that provide energy but very less energy. Most of us are fond of foods containing added sugars. But they all contain empty calories and are unhealthy.

Some of the foods that have empty calories include:

  • Icecreams
  • Cakes
  • Pastries
  • Cheese
  • Pasta
  • Soda
  • Energy drinks
  • Bacon

These food items can do no favor if you wish to have a proper diet with the right calorie levels. Consuming these foods regularly can also make you unhealthy.
The bottom line is to know the requirements of your body. You should not consume extra or very-low-calorie level foods. So If you have any doubts about the correct calorie intake level required for you, consult a dietician as soon as possible

20 Oct 2021
calorie
diet
fitness
Health
Mental Health
Types of mental health professions

Unhappiness has increased among people. Life satisfaction has decreased among people and now there is a drastic increase in the awareness for caring for one’s mental health. People have started to reach out to mental health professionals but while approaching them they face this very common problem to which one to choose. 

There are a lot of mental health practitioners to help you with your problems so this article will help you in assisting the right one for you. As it can be confusing because there is a long list of professionals out of which you have to choose one for yourself. 

Find the right mental health professional for yourself. Here is a description of the difference between the most common ones that you have heard of. Because mental health is a broad and complex thing, and that’s why different professionals specialize in different parts for our ease.

1. PSYCHIATRISTS

 A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of emotional, behavioral, and mental disorders. People seek psychiatric help for many reasons. The problems can be sudden, such as a panic attack, frightening hallucinations, thoughts of suicide, or hearing “voices”. They may be more long-term, such as feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or anxiousness that never seem to lift or problems functioning, causing everyday life to feel distorted or out of control.

 Psychiatrists usually focus on prescribing medicine and in some cases, it is mandatory but not in others. I personally have seen a lot of cases in which these medications were even misused so if you think that the problem is too severe and needs medical attention also only then one should go to a psychiatrist. But if the problem can be solved by therapies or needs assessment. Then going to a psychologist is a better option.

Degree

 Psychiatrists are medical doctors who have an MBBS degree, and then a master’s degree with a specialization in psychiatry ( MD degree). A Psychiatrist is the only mental health professional who will prescribe medicine so if you need some drastic and immediate changes in life, you should go to a psychiatrist. If you can’t sleep or have difficulty eating or have any other psychotic symptoms then a psychiatrist is the right person for you. 

2. CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST

 A clinical psychologist is a mental health professional. They highly specialize in the diagnosis and psychological treatment of mental, behavioral, and emotional illnesses. Clinical psychologists do not prescribe medications to treat mental illness. Rather, they use psychological techniques and have RCI registration for practicing. Being fully trained for severe cases of psychological problems so they can handle them with all the interventions except medicine. So if you are someone who prefers being treated without medicine, should choose a psychologist.

They are trained in primary care centers or medical centers with giving patients proper inpatient treatment for their concerns so they are better at dealing with more severe cases.

Degree

 A Clinical Psychologist has a master’s degree (M.A.) and an M.Phil in clinical psychology which is both for 2 years. M.Phil includes practice entirely but no theory which makes them have more practice in the field. A Clinical Psychologist also cannot prescribe medications but works with or under a psychiatrist. So they can easily work with cases that are more diverse.

3. COUNSELLING PSYCHOLOGIST

Counseling psychology is a general practice and health service provider specialty in professional psychology. It focuses on how people function both personally and as well as in their relationships at all ages. Counseling psychology addresses emotional, social, work, school, and physical health concerns. People may have various concerns at stages in their lives, focusing on typical life stresses and more severe issues with which people may struggle as individuals and as a part of families, groups, and organizations. 

Counseling psychologists help people with physical, emotional, and mental health issues as they improve their sense of well‐being, alleviate feelings of distress, and resolve crises. They also provide assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of more severe psychological symptoms because they want to use the proper psychometric tools available. 

Degree

 A Counselling Psychologist has a master’s degree in Psychology (M.A).

4. PSYCHOTHERAPIST

Psychotherapists are similar to counseling psychologists and the two can overlap. Psychotherapy is deeper and addresses the underlying causes of the problems, as well as helps the person solve them. The different mental health professionals can have different licenses in their respective fields of work and interests. They can be, licensed professional counselors, psychologists, psychiatrists, and mental health nurse practitioners. ‘

Psychotherapy can be helpful in a number of problems. It usually aims at understanding the person at a very deep level which goes back to childhood as well.

5. THERAPIST

 A therapist is a broad designation that refers to professionals who are trained to provide treatment and rehabilitation. The term is often applied to psychologists, but it can include others who provide a variety of services, including social workers, counselors, life coaches, and many others. There are different types of therapists having different specializations. 

  • Art therapists
  • Child therapists 
  • Marriage and family therapists 
  • Music therapists 
  • Occupational therapists 
  • Psychotherapist 
  • Yoga therapist 

And the list goes on….

These are therapists who are trained specifically in these fields which can help you.

6. COUNSELLOR 

 A counselor is a very broad term and does not cover only mental health professionals but also other professions too. In the field of mental health, a counselor is a person who uses “Talk Therapy”. Counselors can also be a person who is psychologists, counseling psychologists, etc.

So now you know the difference between them all. Before you start your therapy, ask your professional about their specializations which will give you more clarity.

Well, reading the above descriptions of the working professionals. It might still be a little confusing for you as you might not find a huge difference between what they all practice but in the same place it is a good thing that we have so many options to choose from. 

In these descriptions, you should be able to figure out which one would work for you and would bring out the best results. 

Ravneet Kahlon, Counseling Psychologist

20 Oct 2021
counsellor
mental health profession
psychaiatrits
psychologist
psychotherapist
Health
Mental Health
Do not normalize depression

Do you feel depressed often? Do you have doubts about your mental health? Are you sure that you are mentally fit and healthy? Don’t worry. We are here to answer all your queries. So in this article, we are going to discuss depression, its causes, treatment, and prevention.

What is the real meaning of depression?

Depression is a common medical condition that affects your mood. It can also affect the way you feel, the way you think, and the way you act. Luckily depression can be medically treated. Sometimes depression is associated with sadness, loss, anger, and loneliness.

People who are experiencing depression need to be cured as soon as possible. But, if not it can affect their social, personal as well as the financial environment. It is also possible that a depressed person will be having a lower productivity.

Depression is mainly classified into two. They are:

  1. Major depressive disorder
  2. Persistent depressive disorder

Depression not only affects you mentally, but it can also affect you physically. So depression should be cured as soon as possible. A person experiencing depression can worsen persisting physical conditions such as:

  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Asthma
  • Arthritis
  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Alzheimer’s disease

It is normal that at some point in our life we will be feeling sadness. But if you are feeling low or sad frequently, then you must be depressed. However, you should understand this situation before it defeats you.

What exactly are the symptoms of depression?

Depression can cause a variety of symptoms. Sometimes these symptoms can vary differently in males and females too.

Symptoms in men

Usual symptoms of depression associated with men may include:

1. Mood changes

Mood changes that are commonly found in men may include:

  • Anger
  • Irritability
  • Restlessness
  • Anxiousness

2. Behavioral changes

Major behavioral changes caused due to depression in men are:

  • Loss of interest
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Drug usage

3. Sleep pattern changes

Depression can also cause sleep disorders such as:

  • Insomnia
  • Restless sleep
  • Excessive sleepiness

4. Physical problems

The main physical problems that are caused due to depression are:

  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Digestive problem

Symptoms in women

Usual symptoms of depression associated with men may include:

1. Emotional disturbances

Usually, depression can cause emotional disturbances in women such as:

  • Feeling sad
  • Hopelessness
  • Anxiousness

2. Sleep pattern changes

Most common sleep pattern changes in women caused due to depression include:

  • Difficulty in sleeping
  • Sleepwalking
  • Sleeping too long

3. Cognitive ability changes

Cognitive ability changes associated with women due to depression include:

  • Thinking too much 
  • Talking too slowly

4. Behavioral changes

Women who are experiencing depression can also undergo many behavioral changes. Some of them are:

  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Withdrawing from hobbies 
  • Less interest in social engagements

What are the usual causes of depression?

Many factors cause depression. Each factor may differ from person to person. The usual factors that cause depression are:

1. Family history

Hereditary can also affect depression. You are at a high risk of having depression, especially if any of your family members possess factors like mood disorder or any other mental health issues.

2. Childhood trauma

Events that happened in your childhood can influence your mind and can persist even after many years. Some events that happened so long can alter your body’s reaction towards fear or stressful situations.

3. Drug usage

People who are addicted to drugs can have depression and other mental health-related issues. Substance abuse can increase feelings such as sadness, loneliness, and hopelessness which are usually related to the symptoms of depression

4. Brain structure

Brain structure can seriously affect the symptoms and intensity of depression. In addition, if the frontal lobe of your brain is less responsive, then it can support the onset of depression and other mental health issues.

What are the general methods used to treat depression?

Treatment of depression is very necessary, to live our lives to the fullest. Treating depression can increase the quality of life too. The general methods used to treat depression include:

1. Medications

If you are struggling with depression your health expert may use certain medications to treat depression. The most common medications associated with treating depression include:

  • Antidepressants
  • Anti-anxiety medications
  • Antipsychotic medications

2. Light therapy

Light therapy is a common treatment used to treat depression. It is also proved that when a person is exposed to white light it can improve mood and reduce the symptoms related to depression.

3. Talk therapy

This method is also known as psychotherapy is a method to treat depression. It includes talking with the therapist. During the talk session, your doctor will be able to know the reason and suitable method to reduce the issues related to your depression.

How can we prevent depression?

Depression is a very hard medical condition to prevent. Many causes affect depression. But once you have experienced depression, it will be easier for you to prevent it. Some of the simple steps we could adopt to prevent depression are:

  1. Get sufficient sleep
  2. Engage in physical activities
  3. Eat a healthy diet
  4. Talk to your family and friends also during hard times
  5. Consult a therapist without hesitation so that you can take help.

Moreover, depression is a common medical issue nowadays due to lifestyle changes and other factors too. Our medical system has proven ways which help you to combat depression.

Depression is a case of mental health. So if you feel depressed you should immediately consult a psychologist as soon as possible.

20 Oct 2021
depression
mental health
Health
Sexual Health
Shh! We are going to speak about sex education

Many of us experienced an education where our biology teacher skipped the chapter ‘Reproduction in humans’. We are living in a country where people are ashamed when talking about sex whereas the number of rape cases happening each day is growing.

Most families in India don’t have a clear answer when their children ask “How babies are born?”. Why are you ashamed? Lack of sex education can lead to many relationships and social problems including the boom of rape cases.

It’s high time that our educational system needs a change. We need a society where children and parents can speak openly, clear their doubts, and not be ashamed when speaking about sexuality. In this article, we will discuss all that you need to know about sex ed.

What is sex education?

Sex education is nothing but simple guidance to people to gain information, skills, and motivation about sex and relationships. It is a high-quality educational method to learn about the values, correct wrong beliefs, and take care of one’s sexual health too.

Sex education usually has to take place at schools and at home. But in countries like India, proper sex education is not provided both at families or educational institutions. Proper sex education should comprise the following elements such as:

1. Human Development

Including reproduction, puberty, gender identity, and sexual orientation

2. Relationships

Including families, friends, dates, and romantic relationships

3. Individual skills

Including communication and decision-making skills

4. Sexual behavior

Including temperance and sexuality throughout life

5. Sexual health

Including sexually transmitted diseases, contraception, and pregnancy

What is the need for sex education?

There is a myth that sex education is only associated with sexual relationships. Sex education covers all topics including the safety of each individual. Every person from a very young age should know who can touch them.

We all know that puberty can bring a variety of changes in children physically and mentally. Sex ed prepares them how to handle these situations too. Everyone has the right to know about their body. But most people explore it through poor methods such as the internet.

Parents also have the responsibility of teaching a child about sex education. Many people think that sex education can increase the engagement of children in sex. But actually, it does the reverse. Sex education helps a person to figure out what is right and wrong too.

Here are some of the reasons why we need to have sex education in a country like India where the population is increasing day by day.

1. It provides safer options to teenagers

Unprotected sex among teenagers is one of the major factors for the transmission of many diseases. Also, it is a major factor in contributing to population growth in India. It is seen that students who are sexually aware take less chance of unprotected sex.

Sex education teaches students about the positive and negative impacts of sex, thus making it easier for them to take decisions. It also awards students about contraceptive methods to prevent unwanted pregnancies.

Teenage pregnancies can be mentally shocking to most teenagers. Sex education plays an important role in making teenagers responsible when it comes to sexual behaviors too.

2. Develops values and respect

Saying ‘NO’ is sometimes very difficult. Yet it is very important when it comes to sex. Sex education helps to increase respect and highlights the value of consent among partners. Sex ed also helps to increase comprehensive understanding of bodies.

Also through sex education, students will learn about the changes, mental and physical struggles each one has to suffer. So this makes them more responsible citizens as they develop more values

3. Helps to adapt to changes

Many mental health issues have been found among teenagers when it comes to physical changes. Those unaware of body changes sometimes feel it is very annoying. Sex ed helps children to prepare themselves mentally and emotionally.

In some cases, it is very difficult for teenagers to get out of mental health issues. In such cases, you should immediately seek help from your health expert. Mental health programs like U OK? Is very effective for resolving such issues.

What is the best age for sex education?

There is no specific time to educate children about sexuality and changes occurring in his/her body. For example, some girls experience menstruation at a very early age like when they are nine years old.

Sex education should begin at home. It doesn’t mean that parents should know everything to clear the doubts of their children. To make them aware of the changes parents can seek help from medical health experts.

Children are very curious about everything. So when changes happen in his/her body, they clarify their doubts. But sometimes they can gather wrong information from different mediums. So it is the responsibility of parents to educate their children about sex too.

Moreover, having open communication in the family about sex can make children feel more secure. So they will have the confidence to discuss the physical, mental and emotional problems.

Sex education is a must in each individual’s life. The education system must teach students to deal with all kinds of problems. There is nothing to be ashamed of. Sexuality is part of human life. Giving proper advice can remove doubts, complexities and increase respect for one another.

16 Oct 2021
sex education
Dental Health
Fitness
Risks associated with teeth whitening

Overview

Everyone needs to have a bright sparkling smile and for that, you need to take proper care of your teeth. There are many teeth whitening options available. Some of them are simple home treatments and in some cases, we need professional help.

But we should consider many facts before whitening our teeth. Is teeth whitening safe? There are many side effects associated with teeth whitening and procedures. In this article, we are going to discuss all that you need to know about teeth whitening and the risks associated.

What causes your teeth to change colour?

Before talking about risks, let us know the cause. Human teeth can become discolored due to a variety of reasons. We can classify the discoloration of teeth into two types and they are :

1. Intrinsic discolouration

  • Intrinsic discolouration in teeth occurs from within the teeth. 
  • The causes can be infection, ageing, childhood illness and medications
  • Intrinsic discolouration needs professional help such as bleaching

2. Extrinsic discolouration

  •  Extrinsic discolouration occurs due to external factors 
  • These factors include food, beverages and smoking habits
  • Extrinsic discolouration can be solved by whitening toothpastes and other home remedies

What are the options for whiter teeth?

This is the first question that you should ask yourself when you think about teeth whitening. You can seriously damage your teeth if you do not undergo a suitable method for teeth whitening. The three general methods used for whitening teeth are:

  • Conducted by your dentist
  • Recommended by your dentist to use at home
  • Adopted by yourself without medical advice and consultation

The third category can be very useful with proper knowledge. But sometimes improper self-used techniques can be very risky and hence it is very important to understand home remedies before adopting them. You can choose these techniques according to:

  • The type of discolouration 
  • The cost involved and comfortability
  • Age
  • Dental history

So it is very beneficial if you discuss the best treatment or home remedy that you can about to make your smile brighter. You should also remember that patience is the key because teeth whitening can sometimes require more time.

What are the long term effects of tooth whitening?

Most teeth whitening techniques are harmless and do not cause any long-term or short-term side effects. But sometimes you may experience some mild side effects such as:

1. Teeth sensitivity

Sometimes, your teeth can become more sensitive to teeth whitening treatments. Teeth sensitivity can be a problem in cases where you use teeth bleaching for whitening teeth. Teeth bleaching is used by 90% of people who try different teeth whitening methods.

Medical researches show that teeth sensitivity occurs due to our pulp’s exposure to peroxide as a result of the treatment. But the severity of tooth sensitivity can vary due to various reasons such as:

  • Concentration of peroxide
  • Restoration procedure used
  • Light intensity for treatment

Most times sensitivity will go away on its own. But if you are suffering from high tooth sensitivity, consider doing:

  • Using sensitivity repair toothpaste
  • Wearing strips for a short time
  • Using the fluid product to remineralize teeth
  • Stoping teeth whitening procedures and techniques for a short time
  • Use mouth wash that prevents sensitivity

2. Gum irritation

Gum irritation is another common side effect of teeth whitening. Some teeth whitening procedures can irritate the gums. Treatments including toothpaste with a high level of bleaching agents when coming in contact with gums cause irritation.

To prevent this your medical health expert will use special gels which act as a protective shield. Due to the action of the gel, your gum will stay away from the side effects of teeth whitening procedures.

We had only mentioned some of the most common side effects and there can be more side effects due to teeth whitening. Side effects depend on the methods and health nature of the person using the particular treatment method.

If you are experiencing any side effects or if you have any queries regarding dental health, please do consult dentistry as soon as possible. So let’s have a healthy future with a bright smile.

16 Oct 2021
sensitivity
teeth whitening
teeth whitening home remedies
Health
Non communicable disease
7 NATURAL WAYS TO PREVENT DIABETES

Diabetes is a frequently heard term to most of us. It is becoming a common health issue nowadays. China has the largest number of diabetes patients in the world followed by India and the US.

So what is diabetes? What causes this condition? Can we cure diabetes? Yes, too many questions are popping up as you hear the word. You are going to get all your doubts and questions cleared about diabetes through this article.

What is diabetes?

In short, diabetes is a health condition that occurs when your blood glucose, commonly called blood sugar is too high. But the blood sugar level is affected mainly by what we eat.


Contrary to a healthy person, a diabetic patient’s body does not make enough insulin. If there is no insulin, then too much blood sugar stays in your bloodstream. This can cause serious health issues like heart diseases, kidney failure, vision loss, and many more. 

What are the types of Diabetes? 

Diabetes is mainly classified into two:

1. Type 1 Diabetes


In this case, the body stops making insulin. Our blood sugar levels cannot be controlled if no insulin is available in our bodies. Type 1 diabetes occurs due to factors such as genetics, exposure to viruses, and other environmental factors. Approximately only 5-10% of Diabetic patients suffer from type1 diabetes. 

2. Type 2 Diabetes


Here the body is unable to utilize the insulin produced and can’t keep the blood sugar at normal levels. Type 2 Diabetes has evolved over years. You may not notice any symptoms. So testing your blood sugar levels is a must. About 90-95% of diabetes patients suffer from Type 2 Diabetes. 

Can diabetes be cured?


The answer is ‘Yes and No’. Unfortunately, no one knows how to prevent Type 1 Diabetes and scientists are working on it. But on the other hand, Type 2 diabetes is a chronic health issue and very difficult to be cured. But it can be prevented by adopting certain lifestyle changes. So as always prevention is better than cure.

What are the ways to prevent diabetes?

There are many factors besides lifestyle, that affect diabetes. Some of them are genes, age, side effects of certain medications. These factors are uncontrollable. But there are many actions that we could adopt to prevent diabetes. So now let’s see how we can prevent diabetes even before it starts.


1. Avoid Sugar and Refined Carbs

Eating sugary foods and refined carbs can increase the risk of diabetes. Sugars and carbohydrates are found in foods like white rice, pizza, white flour bread, pasta, etc.

The human body swiftly breaks down these foods into sugar molecules. Our blood then absorbs these sugar molecules. The rise in blood sugar in the blood stimulates the pancreas to produce more insulin, so to bring the blood sugar level to normal. 

Sooner or later, this results in higher blood sugar and insulin levels till this condition eventually turns into Type 2 Diabetes. Avoiding foods containing sugar and refined carbs helps to reduce the risk of diabetes. Include foods like apples, bananas, carrots, cauliflower, etc.

2. Include more Fiber to Diet

Adding a considerable amount of fiber to your diet is beneficial for preventing diabetes and other diseases. Vegetables are a good source of fiber. So adding a considerable amount of fiber to your food can prevent spikes in blood sugar and insulin levels thus reducing the chance of diabetes. 

Adding fiber to your diet is also effective in reducing body weight. Foods that are rich in fiber include peanuts, almonds, and beans

3. Water is your new best friend

Drinking plenty of water can help to control blood sugar levels and insulin levels and thereby reducing the risk of Diabetes. But avoid consuming soft drinks and other beverages. Because sugary drinks help in the development of Diabetes.

Studies show that dehydration can affect blood sugar levels. Water is not only a remedy for reducing blood sugar levels, but it also has many other functions like carrying nutrients and minerals all over the body, maintaining a stable heartbeat, regulating your body temperature, and many more!

4. Say no to Tobacco

Studies show that 30-40% of smokers are more likely to develop Type 2 Diabetes. Smoking causes insulin resistance leading to Type 2 Diabetes, especially in heavy smokers. 

The chemicals associated with cigarettes can heavily damage blood cells too. Smoking has negative effects on every organ of the body and it also affects the cardiovascular system. 

According to reports 68% of adults above the age of 65 with diabetes dies from heart problems. Many types of research and studies have shown that people who ended the habit of smoking have less blood sugar levels.

If you find it difficult to quit smoking, make an appointment with your doctor to quit for good. Because you are greater than your addiction.

5. Engage in Physical Activities

Doing exercises or other physical activities is a good key to prevent Diabetes. Physical activities increase the insulin sensitivity of the cells. So our body needs less insulin to maintain sugar levels normal.

Following a well-balanced diet along with exercises can provide better results. Studies show that half-hour or walking or other exercises along with a balanced diet can prevent Type 2 diabetes to an extent of 58%.

All forms of exercise including aerobic exercise are very effective in preventing blood sugar levels. The ideal time to do exercise is from one to three hours after eating. This is the time when the blood sugar level is high.

6. Consume more Vitamin D

     Vitamin D increases the body’s sensitivity towards insulin. As we all know the sun is the best source of Vitamin D. Vitamin D also plays a role in regulating calcium levels in the body. Calcium plays an important role in the secretion of insulin. Add more Vitamin D foods to the diet can help in regulating blood sugar levels. Tuna, Salmond, yogurt, and cheese are rich in Vitamin D.

7. Get rid of your Sedentary Lifestyle

Obesity can increase the chance of developing Type 2 Diabetes and it can lead to weight gain in organs like the liver. Excess fat in the liver produces inflammation and resistance to insulin and thus increases the chance of high blood sugar levels. 

Engaging in physical activities, meditation, and following dietary plans like

Paleo and vegetarian diets are very useful in getting rid of obesity. Besides following a well-organized schedule is very beneficial in other ways too.

There are things in our life that are not within our control. But the chances of Diabetes can be controlled to an extent, but there can be unpredicted cases. Having a diabetic checkup at regular intervals can help you to stay safe and healthy.  If there are any doubts or symptoms, you should consult a Diabetologist.

16 Oct 2021
diabetes
prevent diabetes
Fitness
Health
Top 5 Ways to Boost Your Immunity

Overview

There are several products in the shop that claim to boost immunity. But have you ever thought the truth behind it? Is immunity a simpler factor to be obtained through just supplements and medicines? Can we achieve immunity in a short period? What are the ways to improve immunity? In this article, we are going to see all the answers to these questions about immunity.

What is immunity?

Immunity refers to the body’s capacity to recognize disease-causing pathogens like bacteria and viruses. Our immunity protects us from these microbes by recognizing foreign invaders like bacteria, viruses, and parasites. So improving our immunity is a must for a healthy and happy life. 

What are the ways to boost immunity?

The immune system is doing an incredible job by protecting our bodies against diseases, germs, pathogens, and infections. But sometimes it fails to do the required job. By following simple steps, we can boost our immunity to an extent. Some of the few strategies that we could adopt to boost our immunity are as follows:

1. Balanced Diet

The best solution to boost your immunity is to strictly follow a healthy diet. Always ensure that your food requirements meet your body’s nature and needs. One must always follow a diet plan according to their energy and health requirements. An ideal balanced diet should contain the following:

  • Add leafy vegetables to your diet for good vision, losing weight, and boosting immunity.
  • Include spices in your daily diet to reduce cell damage. 
  • Minimize intake of red meat and processed foods. 
  • Try fasting at regular intervals to avoid obesity and associated chronic diseases. Fasting also reduces the risk of cancer and type 2 diabetics. 
  • Consume herbs like ashwagandha and amla regularly. Ashwagandha is a good remedy for stress, tension, and anxiety.

2. Consume enough Water

As we all know, the human body is made up of 50-70% water. Our body needs water for all the organs to hydrate cells and tissues. Water helps to carry oxygen to cells and as a result, it helps in the proper functioning of the body. It also removes toxic contents from our body, thus keeping our immune system healthy. 

Water maintains our body at the correct temperature without which our body cannot function properly. According to studies, a male requires 2.5 liters of water per day and a female requires 2 liters of water per day.

Consumption of lukewarm water is highly recommended after a meal. This is because warm water has the capability of breaking down the food particles and thus making them easily digestible.

3. Get enough Sleep 

Sleep is one of the most important pillars of life. Lack of sleep and irregular sleep can cause many health issues as well as a low immune system. Lack of sleep can put us at the risk of obesity, increased blood pressure, and many other health issues. Sleep is as important as food. 

The best time to sleep is from 10:00 pm to 6:00 am. If you are used to an irregular sleep time you can follow the above-mentioned ideal sleep time. It may seem a little hard at first, but with regular practice, you can achieve this schedule.

4. Yoga and Exercise

It is very important to practice Yoga and exercise regularly to strengthen up your immune system. Yoga is an effective practice because it improves your physical as well as your immune strength. 

Yoga involves meditation which can strengthen your mind, body, and soul. It is an effective way to improve your attention and memory too. Stress may be one of the reasons for low immunity. If done regularly, Yoga lowers the stress hormones and improves your immunity.

Any kind of physical activity like jogging, swimming, and skipping can make the body more active, thus resulting in improved physical, mental, and immune health. Exercise can flush out bacteria and other disease-causing pathogens from your lungs, making you less prone to illness. Engaging in physical activities can also benefit us in many ways such as :

  • Reduces the risk of cancer
  • Keeps your heart healthy thus protecting against heart attacks
  • Lowers the risk of type 2 diabetes
  • Helps to develop stronger bones and joints

You should consult a yoga trainer or health expert if you have any doubts regarding your health and lifestyle.

5.Ayurvedic Treatments

Ayurvedic treatments are one of the world’s oldest whole-body treatments. It is based on the belief that human wellness depends upon the balance between mind, body, and soul. Ayurvedic treatments give importance to the wellness of the body rather than fighting diseases. But they also include treatment for specific illnesses. Ayurvedic treatments are beneficial in cleansing the mind, body, and soul. Panchakarma, an ayurvedic treatment is used to get rid of toxins from the body and thus maintaining immunity health. Anyone can afford ayurvedic treatments at any age. 

Unlike other treatment methods, Ayurvedic treatments don’t have any side effects since no artificial chemicals are used which makes it more preferable!

How long does it take to boost immunity?

This is a tough question to answer. We are in a world where we need all the things in a snap. But that is not the case in boosting immunity. Immunity is not something that can be boosted by following simple steps. As a result, your gene, hereditary, environment, and many other factors play an important role in your immunity-boosting.

And besides that, if you are facing any health problems you should always consult medical expertise rather than treating them yourself. Sometimes self-treatment can lead to many serious troubles. 

16 Oct 2021
diet
exercise
Immunity
yoga
Fitness
Health
Most common yoga injuries and tips to prevent it

“Yoga adds years to your life and life to your years”.But doing yoga in the wrong way can be harmful. It can cause pain and trouble. Many studies have proved that yoga can sometimes cause pain to our body parts, mainly hands, elbows, hands, and wrists. 

So knowing every aspect of yoga in the correct method is very important to prevent complexities. In this article, we are going to see all that you need to know about yoga injuries and ways to prevent them.

Can you get injured from yoga?

This is the first and foremost question that we need to think about before and after practicing yoga. Yoga can cause or worsen injuries. Sometimes it can cause as many serious injuries as that of doing other sports. 

Yoga is mostly practiced as it has many health benefits and increases flexibility. But sometimes an act of carelessness or doing a specific yoga pose in the wrong way can cause serious boy injuries.

How often should I do yoga?

There is nothing much to panic about the injuries that result from yoga. Doing yoga in the correct method can only cause benefits. But there is confusion among people about practicing yoga.

If you are a beginner, you can do yoga between two and five times per week. But as your body’s flexibility increases, you can increase the number of times you practice yoga per week. You can even practice yoga every day of the week as you feel comfortable doing it.

What injuries can you get from yoga?

Some of the most common body parts where you may experience pain or discomfort after doing yoga can involve:

1. Wrist

Many yoga poses need the involvement of the wrist in leveraging as well as supporting your body. Settling all your body weight on your wrist can lead to pain ranging from mild to severe.

How can you relieve wrist pain?

In any pose which includes involving your wrists for supporting or lifting your body, distribute your whole body weight to both wrists. You can do this properly by spreading your wrists wide and applying force to your fingers equally.

In certain ‘yogasanas’ such as ‘Adho Mukha Swasana’ decrease the angle between your wrist and the floor by pushing your hips back. Whereas in poses that include balancing your body on the wrist such as ‘Bakasana’ place your elbows over your wrists.

2. Elbows

In most cases, pain on your elbow can result from bending them to the sides while doing poses such as ‘Chaturanga’ or ‘Plank’. It can sometimes result from your physical conditions such as stiffness or muscle weakness. 

How can you relieve elbow pain?

In poses that include the involvement of elbows, keep them fixed alongside your ribs as you bend them. Take advice from your trainer if you have any trouble or difficulty in placing your elbows in the advised manner.

3. Shoulders

Shoulder pain is very common to those who are new to yoga. Sometimes people who constantly practice yoga can also experience shoulder pain. Shoulder pain can also result due to incorrect postures.

By knowing the reason for your shoulder pain and improvements made to your posture can solve the issue.

How can you get rid of your shoulder pain?

Be careful in doing yoga poses that include the involvement of your shoulders. Do not pull too hard in poses or stretches. Limiting the angle when you extend your arms can also reduce the pain.

You can take advice from your yoga trainer about stretching your arms if you have pain. Sometimes postures that include opening up your shoulders can reduce shoulder pain due to yoga.

4. Knee 

Yoga is sometimes suggested as the best method to relieve knee pain. But sometimes doing poses in the wrong way can increase the level of pain. Before doing poses that induce forces on your knee, make sure to follow the right steps.

How can you get rid of your knee pain?

If you have problems with your knee, avoid poses that include more involvement of your knee. If you have continuous knee pain, cross-legged position, or ‘Padmasana’. Placing a soft blanket under your knees can also help to reduce stress.

5. Neck

The two main yoga poses that can cause pain or stress in your neck are ‘Sirasana’ and ‘Sarvangasana’. Sirasana is also referred to as headstand and Sarvangasana is referred to as shoulder stand.

Placing all your body forces on your neck or incorrect posture can cause severe neck pain. Sometimes neck pain can be so severe that it can lead to serious issues such as loss of neck flexion.

How can you get rid of your neck pain?

Do not try to do postures that include pressure on your neck at first. If you are new to yoga try doing postures that build your shoulder and core strength at first. And then you can move to tough poses after you are ready.

If you have chronic neck or shoulder issues, try to do such poses only after the advice from your yoga expert.

Yoga is one of the best physical remedies for maintaining a healthy life. But without proper knowledge of expertise, you can jump into many troubles. So taking advice from a well-experienced yoga trainer can avoid such issues.

16 Oct 2021
shoulder pain
yoga
Health
Non communicable disease
5 simple steps to lower blood pressure

Have you heard of the medical condition which is also known as “silent killer”. Hey, don’t think too much. “Blood pressure” or “Hypertension” is referred to as the silent killer by health experts. Do you know why? Many a time high it can cause conditions like strokes. 

These conditions caused by lower blood pressure is one of the major reason for deaths all around the world. Our blood pressure depends upon the amount of blood supplied by our heart.

If you or anyone suffering from high blood pressure, you probably think that only medications can bring down the number. The pleasing news about high blood pressure is that a healthy lifestyle can bring back your blood pressure rates normal. 

If you are looking for proper guidance on how to lower your blood pressure, then we are here for you. In this article, we are going to discuss some of the simplest ways to reduce high blood pressure. 

1. Engage in physical activities

A sedentary lifestyle can cause high blood pressure and many other serious issues. Engaging in physical activities and maintaining good health is the only key to lower blood pressure. 

While doing exercises or other physical activities, our heart gets stronger. A stronger heart can pump with low effort, thus reducing the risk of high blood pressure. Make sure that you do proper physical activities.

If you are confused, then don’t worry. You can start practicing some very basic and easier activities such as:

  • Climbing the stairs multiple times
  • Walking short distances instead of driving
  • Doing simple household works
  • Cycling everyday
  • Gardening
  • Playing outdoor sports 
  • If you are alone, try skipping rope
  • Practice yoga
  • Jogging
  • Dancing

Make sure that while doing any physical activities, enjoy it. It will benefit you physically and at the same time motivates you to make it a routine.

2. Consume a healthy diet

Eating a healthy diet regularly can lower the chance of high blood pressure. You may ask, what should you include in your diet. A healthy diet to reduce blood pressure includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products.

This eating plan is known as commonly known as the DASH diet which means Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet.

But sometimes it will be hard for us to change our diet habits. Here are few tips that you can adopt to deal with it

Adopt clever shopping

What would you commonly do while choosing a product? Most people just look at the band and price tag to choose a product. While coming to choose a food product you should observe the food labels.

Make sure that the contents written on the food label are appropriate for your diet plan. Don’t choose food products blindly. Choose them cleverly.

Enhance potassium

Increase the consumption of foods rich in potassium. Also, remember to cut back all the salts to avoid a decrease in blood pressure. 

But, if you are suffering from any kidney problems intake of potassium can be risky. So consult a doctor to know about your dietary requirements. Some of the easily available foods that are rich in protein include fish, bananas, and milk.

3. Limit the consumption of alcohol

Alcohol intake has many benefits and it is also used as medicine. But when alcohol consumption exceeds a certain limit it is dangerous.  

By drinking alcohol, say one or two drinks it can reduce the risk of high blood pressure. But if you consume a large amount daily, it can increase your blood pressure. Also, alcohol consumption can reduce the effect of medications used.

4. Stop smoking

Tobacco use not only leads to cancer and heart attacks, but it also has many dangerous health effects. Long-term use of smoking can increase your blood pressure to high numbers.

The chemicals associated with tobacco narrow down our arteries and thus deploys high blood pressure and inflammation. Stop smoking to bring back your blood pressure to normal rates and to maintain a healthy heart.

5. Minimize stress

If you are suffering stress regularly or even occasionally, then there is a chance of having high blood pressure.

If you are stressed take a deep breath and think about the factors that are responsible for your stress. It can be associated with your friends, family, job, relationships, or any other life problems.

Only you know the reason for your stress. Stress can not only cause physical problems, but it can also make you down mentally and socially. If you need help consider consulting a health expert as soon as possible.

If you want to reduce stress then, try following some simple steps such as:

  • Practicing yoga or meditation
  • Express gratitude to others
  • Smile when you see someone
  • Spend some time for introspection
  • Do jobs or other activities that you enjoy
  • Make plans to solve problems
  • Focus on your aims and avoid distractions
  • Resolve conflicts
  • Avoid people who cause stress in your life

Don’t panic if you have high blood pressure. Beyond medications, the above-mentioned steps can help you a lot in maintaining normal blood pressure. You should consult a cardiologist if you have any health issues or queries related to blood pressure.

14 Oct 2021
blood pressure
blood pressure control
Health
Liver health
Let’s talk about Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a serious health condition caused by the Hepatitis virus in the liver. Chronic hepatitis B can result in serious health conditions such as liver failure, cancer, or liver cirrhosis. Children and infants are more prone to Hepatitis B.

Hepatitis B can also affect adults. Sometimes it can lead to severe health issues and serious symptoms. But most adults recover fully from having hepatitis B even if their conditions were worse.

In this article, we are going to discuss almost everything associated with hepatitis B including, its causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention.

What are the different types of hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is mainly classified as acute and chronic

1. Acute

Acute hepatitis B happens at the beginning of the infection. Most people who had suffered from acute hepatitis B were able to recover fully. According to studies, almost about 80% of people came back to normal life after proper treatment of acute hepatitis B.

3. Chronic 

If you are possessing hepatitis B for more than six months then, you are having chronic hepatitis B. Chronic hepatitis B can have a more serious effect on people than acute conditions.

What are the symptoms of hepatitis B?

Symptoms associated with hepatitis B varies from person to person. Usually, symptoms are shown by a person after one to four months after he/she is affected by hepatitis B. Sometimes children possessing hepatitis B will not show any symptoms

Most common symptoms related to hepatitis B include:

  1. Fever
  2. Abdominal pain
  3. Discoloration in urine (dark-colored)
  4. Joint pain
  5. Nausea
  6. Vomiting
  7. Tiredness
  8. Jaundice
  9. Fever
  10. Loose stool
  11. Constipation

You should immediately consult a doctor if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms associated with hepatitis B. Treatment taken at the early stage can reduce the chances of risks associated with the condition.

What is the main cause of hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B can occur due to a variety of reasons. The most common among them include the following such as:

1. Sexual contact

Hepatitis B can spread if you have unprotected sex with an infected person. Hepatitis virus can enter your body through blood, saliva, semen, or vaginal secretions and can result in Hepatitis B.

2. Unsafe injections

The most common way by which hepatitis B spread is through the multiple usages of needles for injection. An injection or needle which is reused on more than one person can cause hepatitis B.

3. Mother to child

Pregnant mothers who are infected by hepatitis B can pass them to their newborn children. However, giving proper vaccination to the child can prevent further risks associated with the disease.

Hepatitis B cannot transfer through:

  • Coughing
  • Sneezing
  • Breastfeeding
  • Hugging
  • Shaking hands

How can we diagnose hepatitis B symptoms?

When you consult your health expert, they will perform a few methods or tests to diagnose your condition. The major methods used to find the presence of infection is:

1. Blood test symptoms

Your health expert suggests a blood test to observe your body,s reaction to viruses. It also helps to confirm how your immune system handles the condition. A blood test indicates that if you are having acute or chronic hepatitis B.

2. Liver biopsy

During a liver biopsy, your expert removes a small sample of your liver and tests them for diagnosing the presence of hepatitis B. In this procedure, a thin needle is injected into the liver through the skin and removes a small tissue for analysis.

3. Abdominal ultrasound

An abdominal ultrasound is used to analyze your liver. During an abdominal ultrasound, an ultrasound wave is allowed to pass through the body. This ultrasound wave gives the doctor a clear picture of the blood flowing through the liver.

Is there any cure for hepatitis B?

Till date, there is no successful method for the complete cure of hepatitis B. But with proper management, people who are having hepatitis B can lead a normal life. Avoiding alcohol consumption and tobacco usage can help a person to lead a healthy life.

The major treatment steps followed by your doctor are:

1. Acute

There is no specific treatment for hepatitis B. Your health expert will advise you to lead a healthy life by taking sufficient rest, drinking plenty of fluids, and consume a healthy diet for the body to fight the illness

2. Chronic 

If you are diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B then, your doctor will advise you to take medication. Mediations will help to prevent issues associated with the liver such as swelling and liver damage.

How can we prevent hepatitis B?

There are a few steps that we could adopt to prevent hepatitis B. Some of them are:

  1. Avoid contact with blood or other body fluids
  2. Cover all wounds properly
  3. Avoid sharing toothbrushes, razors, and earrings 
  4. Avoid the usage of drugs
  5. Ensure that sterile needles are used

Hepatitis B is a serious issue to consider. If you suspect any symptoms associated with hepatitis B, then you should immediately consult a hepatologist. Diagnosis and treatment in the early stage can help to avoid further complications.

14 Oct 2021
hepatitis B
liver health
Fitness
Health
5 amazing health benefits of peanuts

Peanuts, most of us are fond of it. But to your surprise, do you know that they are not nuts. Yes, peanuts are not nuts. They belong to a category of legumes like green peas and soya beans. 

As we all know peanuts are not that costly compared to other nuts like cashews and almonds. Because of this reason most people believe that they don’t have much nutritional value. But peanuts have high nutritional value.

If you are curious to know about the health benefits of peanuts, then this article is for you. Here we are going to discuss the health advantages of peanuts.

What are the vitamins and minerals present in peanuts?

Peanuts are a good source of vitamins and minerals such as:

  • Biotin
  • Coppercholesterol,
  • Niacin
  • Folate
  • Manganese
  • Vitamin E
  • Thiamine
  • Phosphorous

Now let us see what are the health benefits of peanuts

1. Heart health

When it comes to heart health, most people believe that only walnuts and almonds are beneficial. But, many studies suggest that peanuts have every benefit like other expensive nuts when it comes to heart health.

Peanuts are good medicines when it comes to heart health. They protect us from heart disease by lowering cholesterol levels. They also prevent tiny blood clots and thus prevent the risk of strokes.

Some of the most important nutrients in peanuts that are good for heart health include the following :

  • Magnesium
  • Copper
  • Antioxidants
  • Oleic acid
  • Niacin

2. Weight loss

If you are concerned with maintaining weight, then peanuts are your best friend. Peanuts are not associated with weight gain. Peanuts are also beneficial in protecting us from obesity and help in maintaining healthy body weight.

Now let us see what are the factors that make peanuts a good dietary element in weight loss.

  • They are associated with fast fullness than any other snacks
  • When peanuts are not fully chewed, there is a chance that a major portion of it can get excreted without proper digestion.
  • They have a high amount of protein which supports calorie burning
  • Peanuts are a large source of dietary fiber. They help to prevent weight gain to a large extend.

3. Prevention of gallstone

Gallstone is a tiny lump formed in the gall bladder due to cholesterol, bile pigments, and calcium salts. Gallstones can cause severe pain and blockage in the bile duct. Gall bladder surgery is an effective way to remove gall stones.

Frequent consumption of peanuts can reduce the risk of gall stones in both men as well as women. As mentioned above, cholesterol level is a major cause of gallstone formation. Since peanuts lower cholesterol, they can prevent gall stones too.

4. Lowers the risk of diabetes

Peanuts are classified as a low-glycemic food. So consuming peanuts will not cause a spike in your blood sugar levels. Besides, regular peanut consumption can reduce the risk of diabetes, especially in women.

5. Prevents cancer

Many studies proved that eating peanuts or peanut products such as peanut butter can prevent the risk of cancer. Especially they are very helpful in preventing stomach cancer in older people. 

If you have more queries about adding peanuts to your diet, get help from a dietician as soon as possible. 

14 Oct 2021
cancer prevention
heart health
peanuts
weight loss
Coronary heart disease
Health
How to lower cholesterol?

Cholesterol is not a rare term to us. Sometimes you, your friends, or someone in your family may be possessing from cholesterol. There is confusion in finding the best possible methods to lower cholesterol.

You may be puzzled by many diet plans, supplements, and home remedies which is best suited for lowering cholesterol. Well, this article is for you. And so here we are going to cover the best possible methods to lower cholesterol.

What is cholesterol in simple terms?

Let us start from scratch. In simple words, cholesterol is generally a waxy substance present in the body. It is necessary for building cells in our body. But a high level of cholesterol can result in serious health conditions such as heart failure.

With high cholesterol levels, fatty deposits accumulate in your arteries and this makes the blood flow difficult. Sometimes these deposits break suddenly causing clots leading to heart attacks. So it is very important to maintain a normal level of cholesterol to live a healthy and happy life. 

Now let us see some of the ways by which we can reduce cholesterol levels.

1. Exercise

Exercise is the ‘mantra’ to reduce cholesterol levels as well as to maintain good heart health. Daily exercise can improve cholesterol levels. Studies show that daily exercise can help in boosting HDL or High-Density Lipoprotein cholesterol.

HDL cholesterol is good for our body. But if you are having a busy schedule, move 30 minutes for exercising. And sometimes doing exercise in short intervals multiple times a day can also help to reduce body weight.

So you can start with simple physical activities such as:

  • Brisk walking
  • Jogging
  • Skipping rope
  • Riding bicycle for few minutes
  • Playing your favorite outdoor game

It is always important to stay motivated to do physical activities. And for this, you can do physical activities with your friends or join a physical health club.

2. Say no to tobacco

Tobacco usage is highly toxic because it can cause high cholesterol, cancer, heart attacks, and other diseases that can be even fatal. So quit smoking if you wish to control cholesterol levels in your body.

As we already discussed, HDL cholesterol or High-Density Lipoprotein cholesterol is good for the body. It is proved that quitting smoking can increase the levels of this ‘good cholesterol’ needed for our body.

Believe it or not, quitting smoking will even have sudden health benefits such as:

  • Within a half-hour of quitting smoking, your heart rate and blood pressure will be free from tobacco-induced projection.
  • After just three months of quitting smoking, your lung functions and blood flow rate will start to recover.
  • In a year, you will only have half the risk of having a heart attack as compared to a chain smoker.

So there is nothing to think twice about. Quit smoking now and tell your near ones who are into smoking about its harmful effects. For some people saying no to tobacco can be hard because of addiction. So in such cases seek medical help.

3. Drink less and think more

Moderate drinking habits can be more beneficial in increasing HDL cholesterol levels. But it is not strong enough when comparing to a teetotaler. If it is hard for you to stop drinking, then drink moderately. 

For knowing more about the quantity of alcohol you should intake, seek help from a health expert. Too much alcohol consumption can also cause dangerous health issues such as high blood pressure and stroke.

So as always your health should be your number one priority because no addiction is important than physical health. So keep that in mind.

4. Consume heart-healthy diet

You need not have to adopt a new diet plan to stay away from dangerous cholesterol levels. Making even small changes in the diet plan will be beneficial in maintaining a healthy cholesterol level.

So there can be two questions popping in your head right now. What all should I avoid? What should I include?

If you want to maintain a healthy cholesterol level, you should avoid

1. Saturated fats

Saturated fats are associated with high cholesterol levels. They are usually found in food products such as dairy products and red meat. So if you wish to maintain normal cholesterol levels try avoiding them from your diet.

2. Trans fat

The other important thing you should avoid is trans fat. Cookies and cakes are the two major food products that contain trans fat.

Now let us talk about the contents you should add to your diet to maintain healthy cholesterol levels.

3. Omega-3 fatty acids

Foods that are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids should be added to your diet and they are very helpful in maintaining good heart health. They also reduce blood pressure levels in the body. 

Some of the food items that are rich in Omega-3 fatty acids include salmons, mackerel, walnut, and flaxseeds.

4. Whey protein

Adding whey protein to your dietary plans can lower LDL cholesterol, total cholesterol, and blood pressure. Whey protein is usually found in foods such as eggs and milk.

5. Soluble fiber

They are very essential for reducing the absorption of cholesterol in our bloodstream. Soluble fiber is mainly found in food products such as apples, pears, oatmeal, and kidney beans.
Sometimes these tips alone will not be effective for some people. In such cases, High-Density you should consult an endocrinologist High-Density. Do not normalize cholesterol and follow ways to prevent it. Because prevention is way better than cure.

14 Oct 2021
cholesterol
heart health
lower cholesterol
Health
Neuro Health
Deep vein thrombosis – Everything you want to know

Have you heard about the medical condition, deep vein thrombosis? It may not be a familiar condition for most of us. Deep vein thrombosis is a serious condition to be addressed.

In this article, we are going to see all that we need to know about this condition, including the cause, symptoms, treatment, and preventive methods.

What is deep vein thrombosis?

Deep vein thrombosis or simply DVT is a serious medical condition that occurs when a blood clot occurs in a vein present deep inside the body. Deep vein thrombosis usually occurs in veins associated with our thigh or lower leg. It can also happen in other parts of our body too.

DVT can usually cause severe symptoms such as leg pain or swelling. But sometimes they will not cause any symptoms at all. Blood clots in the leg can occur in many instances. For example, if you are on a long journey, after having surgery, or when you are having bed rest.

How serious is deep vein thrombosis?

Deep vein thrombosis is a medical emergency. As already mentioned, deep vein thrombosis occurs in veins that are deep inside our legs. The clots associated with veins can cause many life-threatening complications.

The most dangerous cause of deep vein thrombosis is pulmonary embolism. Pulmonary embolism happens when a blood clot breaks down and travels through the bloodstream to the lungs. These clots get accumulated in a blood vessel of the lungs and can cause permanent lung damage.

When they get accumulated in the blood vessel of the lungs, the other organs of the body will not get enough oxygen. This can cause damage to other organs too. If not diagnosed and treated at the proper time DVT can lead to serious issues including death.

What are the symptoms of deep vein thrombosis?

If you have deep vein thrombosis you may experience the following symptoms in your leg such as:

  1. Inflammation
  2. Swelling
  3. Pain
  4. Red-colored skin 
  5. Cramps
  6. A warm feeling in the affected leg

When should you consult a doctor? 

You should immediately consult a doctor if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms associated with pulmonary embolism such as:

  1. Sudden shortness of breathe
  2. Chest pain that worsens while coughing 
  3. Dizziness
  4. Swift pule
  5. Brisk breathing
  6. Blood associated while coughing

Other than the symptoms of pulmonary embolism, you should seek medical help as soon as possible if you have any other symptoms related to deep vein thrombosis. 

What are the causes of deep vein thrombosis?

Any factors that cause blood clots can be a major cause of deep vein thrombosis. Some of them are:

1. Blood vessel damage

Blood vessel damage can result in deep vein thrombosis. Clots in the blood can happen due to damage to blood vessels. Injury associated with blood vessels can stop down blood flow thus causing clots to happen.

2. Surgery

Sometimes surgeries can cause injury to blood vessels. These injuries further prevent blood flow. They may further develop into blood clots resulting in the formation of deep vein thrombosis.

3. Bedridden condition

People who are bedridden due to certain conditions or surgery will also have an increased chance of having blood clots.

4. Inactivity

If you are sitting for too long especially while traveling a long distance, blood flow in the lower part of the boy may slow down. When blood flow is slowed down, there is a possibility of having blood clots.

5. Medications

Usage of certain medications can also result in blood clots as its side effects.

How can we treat deep vein thrombosis?

If you are experiencing deep vein thrombosis, you will be undergoing any one or many of the following treatment methods such as 

1. Medication

To prevent blood clots your doctor will give you medications like Arixtra and Lovenox. These blood-thinning medicines prevent further blood clots and will also reduce existing blood clots.

2. Compressing stockings

Compressing stockings are mainly prescribed by your doctor to make blood flow smoother and to reduce swelling and discomfort associated with your leg. Compression stockings will be advised only if you are at a high risk of deep vein thrombosis.

3. DVT surgery

Your doctor may recommend surgical methods such as surgical thrombectomy if your condition associated with the blood clot has higher risks such as damaging the tissues. DVT surgery is also preferred in cases where you have a large number of blood clots.

During the procedure of surgical thrombectomy, your doctor will make an opening in the blood vessel and remove the blood clot. Then they will repair the damaged tissues and blood vessels.  

Every medical surgery has risks associated with it. So your doctor will only choose a surgical method if no option is left. 

How do you prevent DVT naturally?

As we always say, prevention is a lot better than cure. This is also the case for deep vein thrombosis. We could prevent DVT naturally by taking a few healthy steps and changes in our lifestyle such as:

  1. Maintaining blood pressure under control
  2. Avoid sitting still for a long time
  3. Stop smoking
  4. Manage your body weight
  5. Engage in physical activities daily
  6. If prescribed, take your blood thinners at the proper time
  7. Avoid wearing clothes that are too tight
  8. Consume foods rich in minerals and vitamins

DVT is a serious issue and without proper diagnosis and treatment, it can lead to many health complexities. You should not ignore any signs and symptoms associated with DVT. If you suspect that you have any symptoms of DVT, you should immediately consult a hematologist.

12 Oct 2021
deep vein thrombosis
DVT
Contagious disease
ENT Issues
Tonsillitis – How to stop even before it starts?

Most of us had heard about tonsillitis. But do you know what causes tonsillitis? Let’s look at the different types of tonsillitis, symptoms associated, and the treatment methods used. What are the ways we could prevent it?. 

Don’t worry. In this article, we are going to discuss all that you need to know about tonsillitis. So that the next time if anyone asks you about this medical condition you should not keep your mouth shut.

What is tonsillitis?

In simple words, tonsillitis is an inflammation associated with the tonsils. The tonsils are chunks of tissues that are located at the back of our throat. We all have one pair of tonsils, each located at the opposite sides of the throat.

Tonsillitis can be a result of viruses. But in rare cases, it can also result from bacterial infection. Without proper treatment, tonsilitis can lead to serious problems. So it is necessary to have proper diagnosis and treatment for tonsillitis.

We can classify tonsillitis into three types depending upon its nature and symptoms. They are:

1. Acute tonsillitis 

Tonsillitis is very common in children. Most of us may have experienced it at least once in our childhood. If your tonsillitis lasts for ten days or less, then it is acute tonsillitis. 

2. Chronic tonsillitis

This type of tonsillitis can last longer than acute tonsillitis. Acute tonsillitis can cause tonsil stones. They need to be removed by your health expert with the help of procedures such as tonsillectomy.

3. Recurrent tonsillitis

This medical condition happens when you experience tonsillitis and its symptoms repeatedly. Recurrent tonsillitis needs treatment as soon as possible to avoid further complications.

What problems does tonsillitis cause?

We all have experienced or seen our childhood friends experiencing tonsillitis. But looking at people who are older, tonsillitis is not common in them. This is because tonsillitis mainly affects infants and children.

Now the common causes of tonsillitis include the following:

  1. Swollen or red tonsils
  2. White coating on the tonsils
  3. Pain while swallowing food or water
  4. Sore throat
  5. Fever
  6. Change in voice
  7. Foul breathe
  8. Stomach ache
  9. Neck pain
  10. High temperature
  11. Headache
  12. Coughing

In infants and children, it is impossible to describe the symptoms. But we can understand the symptoms from their certain signs such as:

  1. Drooling due to difficulty in swallowing food
  2. Denial to eat
  3. Unusual irritation
  4. Difficulty in breathing

If you or your infants experience any one or multiple symptoms mentioned above, you should immediately consult a doctor. Early treatment can avoid further health complications. So diagnosing it early is worth treating it at a complex stage.

How do you catch tonsillitis?

As mentioned above, the virus is the most common cause of tonsillitis. But in certain cases, bacterial infection can also cause tonsillitis. The causes of tonsillitis vary accordingly depending upon the type of microbes that causes the condition.

1. Viral tonsillitis

Viral tonsillitis is the most common cause of tonsillitis that we experience. These viruses are also responsible for the cause of the common cold in humans. If you are experiencing viral tonsillitis then you will be having nasal congestion and coughing.

2. Bacterial tonsillitis

Tonsillitis around 30-40% is caused by bacteria. Bacterial tonsillitis is most common in children around the age of 5-15. Usually, antibiotics are used to treat bacterial tonsillitis. Besides, almost all the treatments used for viral and bacterial tonsillitis are the same.

What is the best treatment for tonsillitis?

If you are suffering from mild tonsillitis, then don’t worry. Your health condition will be back to normal without any specific treatment. But in contrast to that, if you are having severe tonsillitis your health expert undergoes treatment methods such as antibiotics or tonsillectomy.

1. Antibiotics

If bacteria are responsible for the condition, then your health expert will recommend antibiotics to cure the infection. Antibiotics cure the condition faster. But they are associated with side effects such as stomach aches.

Antibiotics are prescribed to patients who are at higher risks of tonsillitis. You should always remember to complete the antibiotics course even though you are free from all the symptoms. 

2. Tonsillectomy

It is a surgical procedure used to remove tonsils. Tonsillectomy is generally recommended to those patients who are suffering from chronic or recurrent tonsillitis conditions. 

For example, if you are having tonsillitis more than 5 times a year then your health expert will recommend you to undergo a tonsillectomy. Tonsillectomy is also beneficial in relieving breathing problems associated with tonsillitis.

How can I get rid of tonsillitis in my throat at home?

Most of us like to get rid of any health troubles with home remedies rather than going to hospitals. But you should always remember that unscientific treatment methods can lead to danger. 

Although you get rid of mild tonsillitis at your home by practicing a few tips such as:

  • Drinking adequate liquid
  • Getting enough sleep
  • Gargling with salt lukewarm water 
  • Avoid smoking

These are some of the best and easy home remedy tips to cure tonsillitis. If you are suffering from tonsillitis give it a try after proper advice from your health expert about the condition you are possessing.

How do you stop tonsillitis before it starts?

We all know that prevention is way better than cure. There are many steps that we could follow to prevent tonsillitis. Some of them are:

  • Wash your hands frequently by using soap and water
  • Stay away from people who have the infection
  • Avoid sharing utensils with others
  • Cover your mouth and nose while sneezing or coughing

There are not many complicated steps to prevent tonsillitis. All we have to do is, brush up on some of our early cleanliness habits. You should immediately consult an ENT Specialist if you need medical assistance.

09 Oct 2021
ent
tonsillitis
Addicion
Health
Teenage drug addiction

“Addiction is a disease and needs to be treated like we treat other diseases. Addiction is the most common word to most of us. Moreover, today’s trend is normalizing the use of drugs too. Is drug addiction a serious issue? Yes indeed. Drug use is increasing daily among our youth.

Some of the most common substances which are considered as drugs include:

  • Alcohol
  • Marijuana
  • Nicotine

Besides, many other harmful drugs are popular among the youth. When you are addicted you will continue using it without considering its harmful and dangerous effects. The risk of addiction and the time in which you can get addicted depends on the drug.

In most cases, drug addiction usually begins at school or college. People who start using drugs for fun at first can use them daily when they get addicted. So it is very important to know about its social, personal, and mental effects.

As time passes, people who start using drugs will need it in large amounts. Slowly they become so addicted that they need it to feel good. And for them, it will be very difficult to lose the habit of using drugs.

Attempts to lose this habit can cause many physical as well as mental problems. These problems are commonly referred to as withdrawal symptoms. Such people need medical care as well as family support to stay away from drugs.

Teenagers who start using drugs become addicted at the time when they are adults. So it is very important to understand the negative impacts of drugs. In this article, we are going to discuss all that you need to know about drug addiction among youth and its impact.

What are the symptoms of a drug-addicted person?

If you, your friends,are or anyone in your family are using drugs then, you can check the level of addiction and seek help by considering the following symptoms such as:

  1. Feeling that you need to use drugs regularly or multiple times a day
  2. Need of more levels of drugs as time passes
  3. Spending more money on drugs even though you cannot afford it or you are financially tight
  4. Not satisfied with your responsibilities
  5. Cutting back yourself socially because of drug use
  6. Continuing the usage of drugs even though it causes problems among your relationships 
  7. Craving for drugs that makes you do vulnerable things such as stealing
  8. Doing risky activities under the influence of drugs
  9. Spending so much time to use drugs and get over from its hangover
  10. Experiencing withdrawal symptoms and other problems when you try to stop its usage

Symptoms due to usage of cannabis-containing drugs

Cannabis-containing drugs are becoming more popular among youth. Entirely different symptoms will be experienced by people using drugs such as Marijuana, hashish or any other cannabis-containing drugs. Some of them are:

  1. A sense of feeling ‘high’
  2. Change in visual, taste, and auditory perception
  3. Increased blood pressure
  4. High or abnormal heart rate
  5. The redness associated with eyes
  6. Difficulty remembering 
  7. Anxiety
  8. Paranoid thinking

Long term use of these drugs can also cause serious social, physical, and mental problems such as:

  1. The decline in mental sharpness
  2. Poor performance at work or school
  3. Decrease in the interest of things once you loved

What is the cause of drug addiction among youth?

As we all know there is no specific reason for drug addiction among youth. It can be sometimes due to the life backgrounds in which they are living. Many studies also show that genetics and heredity can also affect drug use among youth.

1. Life backgrounds

In our country, many people get addicted to drugs due to the environments in which they live. Many people use drugs even from a very young age due to their lifestyle, religious, social, and family beliefs.

Many religious and cultural beliefs promote the use of drugs among children. These childhood experiences can leave their trace in them and there are chances that they continue the use of drugs.

3. Genetics

Once you start using drugs, Your addiction and after-effects can be influenced by your family history or genetics. Sometimes your body’s reaction towards the drugs can delay or speed up according to your body’s genetic configuration.

4. Peer pressure

Sometimes peer pressure can be a major factor that affects drug addiction, especially among youth. Drug usage for exploring or for fun can make them addicted to using it again and again.

What are the complications of drug usage?

Almost all drugs are dangerous in the short term or long-term use. Some of the main harmful effects of drug use include:

  1. High risk of getting communicable diseases such as HIV
  2. Accidents 
  3. Suicide
  4. Mental issues
  5. Problems in social and economical fields
  6. Legal issues
  7. Financial problems
  8. Psychotic behaviour
  9. Serious health conditions such as comma
  10. Brain damage
  11. Impotency

There is an infinite number of problems both socially, mentally, and physically for those using drugs. Those who use drugs not only cause harm to themselves, but it can also cause harm to those close to them too.

How can we prevent drug usage?

The only way to stop drug usage is to completely avoid it from your life. If you find it very difficult to avoid drugs from your life, you should immediately consult a health expert as soon as possible.

Sometimes people who have been using drugs for a very long time can also possess mental issues. A well-experienced psychologist, psychiatrist, or mental health initiative like U OK? can help those suffering from such problems. Always remember that “You are greater than your addiction”.   

09 Oct 2021
addiction
drugs
teenage
Fitness
Health
Say goodbye to stress with yoga

We all have surely experienced stress in one way or another. But how do you handle stress? There is a great saying, ‘It is not stress that kills us, but it is our reaction to it. It is true and if you are doing nothing to kill your stress then you are killing yourself.

So have you ever thought about the best remedy to be free from stress? Yoga has proved to be one of the effective and best methods to prevent stress. So in this article, we are going to give you the best outline of the effects of yoga to get relief from stress.

How can yoga relieve stress?

As we all know, yoga is a spiritual, mental, and spiritual practice that reduces stress, mental tension, and anxiety. But how can we become stress-free by practicing yoga? Yoga includes certain body positions called ‘mudras’ which increases flexibility and eases mental pain.

Yoga also helps us in releasing muscle knots, promoting mood-boosting endorphins. Endorphins are useful hormones that positively affect how you handle stress. Yoga also involves focusing which enhances concentration and boosts awareness.

As you achieve physical, mental, and sensational control over your body; it becomes easy for you to ignore the pain and stressful moments that happened in the past. It also allows you to concentrate on your present and cultivate joy and peace.

Many kinds of research and studies show that women who continuously practiced yoga had a strong decline in levels of stress, anxiety, and depression. These studies also show that yoga can be a good remedy to many health conditions and helps in decreasing the need for medicines.

Do breathing exercises help with stress?

Yes. Breathing exercises help a lot in dealing with stress. Breathing exercises are also a fundamental key in yoga. In yoga, the breathing exercise is called ‘pranayama. It helps us to control, concentrate and regulate our breathing.

By doing breathing exercises regularly you can deal with anxiety and stress, calm your body and soul, enhance the quality of sleep, and uplift mindfulness. You can practice breathing exercises along with yoga or at times where you need to focus on relaxation.

There are many types of pranayama in yoga. Some of them are:

  1. Alternate nostril breathing
  2. Humming bee breath
  3. Lion’s breathe
  4. Breath of fire
  5. Ujjayi breathing
  6. Sitali breath

Which type of yoga is best for stress relief?

Now, coming to our main subject of discussion. Let us familiarize ourselves with some of the best yoga poses which are good for relieving stress.

1. Marjaryasana to Bitilasana

Marjaryasana to Bitilasana, also known as the cat-cow movement, allows you to connect your breath to your movement. This ‘asana’ is very useful for those suffering from stress and anxiety. 

Now let us see the steps to do this asana

  1. Start by making your body in tabletop position
  2. Place your knees under your shoulders 
  3. Hold your knees under your hips
  4. Inhale slowly and lift your head so that you can see the ceiling
  5. Allow your belly to move towards the floor
  6. This is known as the cow pose
  7. Now exhale slowly
  8. As you exhale, move your chin towards your chest
  9. Bend your spine towards the ceiling
  10. This is known as the cat pose
  11. Continue practising these two poses alternately
Marjaryasana Posture
Bitilasana Posture

2. Balasana

Balasana or child pose helps to create focus and energy. It also provides mental and physical relaxation. Now let us see the steps for doing balasana. 

  1. Start from a kneeling position
  2. Place your knees close or apart
  3. Now sit on your knees without changing the position
  4. Fold forward by keeping your hips steady
  5. Rest your forehead on the mat while continuing the position
  6. Extend your arms in front of you
  7. Sink your torso into your thighs
  8. Breathe deeply and focus 
  9. Hold this pose for about 3-5 minutes
Balasana Posture

3. Savasana 

While doing Savasana or the corpse pose, focus on your breathing and let go of all the tensions and thoughts. The steps to do Savasana are as follows

  1. Lie flat on your back 
  2. Adjust your body position such that your feet are wider than your hips
  3. Place your arms next to your body at about a 45 degree
  4. Make sure to align your head, neck and shoulders with your spine
  5. Breathe slowly and concentrate
  6. Allow your body to relax fully
  7. Stay in this pose for about 20-30 minutes
Savasana Posture

How can I calm myself up in yoga?

Yoga can be effective when you calm your body and mind at the same time. Moreover, yoga becomes medicine for removing your anxiety if you practice daily. Also, you can calm yourself in yoga if you follow the elements such as:

  1. Breathing
  2. Physical movement
  3. Meditation
  4. Stretching 
  5. Mental imagery

Moreover, everyone has stress in one way or another. We can only get out of stress by following proper methods like yoga to solve it. If you have any doubts and queries about the ways to reduce stress by yoga, consult a yoga trainer as soon as possible.

06 Oct 2021
stress
yoga
Heart Health
Let us do our part to care for our heart

Heart failure, commonly known as Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is a critical health condition where the heart will not pump blood. When this happens, fluids accumulate in the lungs causing breathing trouble.

There are many factors such as coronary artery diseases that cause weak heart muscles. Heart failure can be very life-threatening, which sometimes requires medical procedures such as heart transplantation.

Proper medication and treatments along with a healthy lifestyle can help to make us safe against this life-threatening condition. In this article, we are going to see all that we need to know about heart failure including causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention.

What are the signs of heart failure?

There are a variety of symptoms of heart failure. Sometimes these symptoms can be chronic and sometimes they can be mild. Whatever the symptom is, do not ignore any symptoms associated with heart failure. 

In most cases, during the early stages of heart failure, no symptoms will be experienced. But in the long run, you will start to experience symptoms slowly or rapidly. 

Some of the most common symptoms associated with heart failure include:

  1. Breathing troubles, while doing physical activities or lying
  2. Drowsiness
  3. Swelling is associated with legs, feet, and ankles
  4. Irregular heart beat
  5. Continuous cough
  6. Swelling of the abdomen area
  7. Rapid weight gain
  8. Nausea
  9. Lack of appetite
  10. Reduction in concentrating
  11. Chest pain 

When should you consult a doctor?

Worsening heart failure can be dangerous. You should immediately consult a doctor if you have the following signs and symptoms such as:

  1. Chest pain that spreads in the upper part of the body
  2. Fainting
  3. Rapid breathing
  4. Blue colouration in the skin

What is the most common cause of heart failure?

Heart failure commonly occurs after many factors that weaken heart muscles. Stiffness of heart muscles can also result in heart failure. 

In some cases, the ventricles become so stiff that they cannot help the heart to pump blood. And as time passes by, your heart becomes no longer able to satisfy the needs for the proper functioning of the body.

Your health expert analyses the health of your heart by measuring ejection fraction. Ejection fraction is the rate of blood pumped in each beat. For a healthy person, the ejection fraction is more than 50%.

But ejection fraction alone cannot determine a healthy heart. Sometimes people with an ejection fraction of more than 50% can also suffer from heart failure. This is because many factors like blood pressure can make the heart muscles so stiff and lead to heart failure.

Heart failure can involve the left ventricle, right ventricle, or sometimes both. But generally, they start from the left ventricle. 

In the case of left-sided heart failure, fluids may get collected in the lungs and cause issues such as breathing trouble. 

In the case of right-sided heart failure, fluids may get collected in body parts such as legs, abdomen, or feet and cause swelling.

There are many other causes of heart failure which includes:

1. Hypertension

Hypertension can sometimes lead to heart failure. During hypertension, your heart needs to supply more blood to facilitate the body’s requirements. Due to heavy work, the heart muscles can become stiff and will not be able to produce sufficient blood.

2. Coronary artery diseases

Coronary artery disease is the most common cause related to heart failure. Consumption of fatty substances and conditions such as high cholesterol levels can block coronary arteries. 

Coronary arteries are very thin in size. Due to the above-mentioned factors, they can become more narrowed or blocked. A heart attack usually occurs when coronary arteries become completely blocked.

3. Malfunctioning of heart valves

Heart valves are the main passage through which blood flows. It supports a healthy working heart. When these valves get blocked due to coronary artery disease or heart infection it weakens the heart muscles and thus causes heart failure.

4. Arrhythmias

Arrhythmias is the condition where your heart beats too fast or too slow than usual. When your heart beats too fast it can weaken your heart muscles and cause heart failure. Similarly, the slow beating of the heart can also cause heart failure.

5. Congenital heart defect

Congenital heart defects can also be a major factor in heart failure. If any parts of the heart aren’t normal, the healthy parts of the heart should work more in pumping blood and thus it leads to serious issues.

What are the treatments for heart failure?

When you consult a medical health expert for heart failure, they may use one or more treatment methods that are suitable for you depending upon your condition. Some of the most common treatment methods used are medications and surgical procedures

Medications

  1. ACE inhibitors

They open up narrowed blood vessels to increase the blood flow

  1. Beta blockers

Beta-blockers reduce the physical work of the heart muscles and thus normalizes blood pressure. 

  1. Diuretics

These drugs are used to reduce the body’s fluid content. Heart failure can hold on to more fluids than normal.

Surgical Procedures

If medications aren’t effective against your condition, then your doctor may adopt surgical procedures. In cases, where opening up of blocked arteries is required your health expert may undergo angioplasty.

In cases where your valves need to be closed or open properly, valve repair surgery may be preferred. 

How can we prevent heart failure?

Changing your sedentary lifestyle is the only key to prevent heart failure. We all can adopt some easy steps to prevent heart failure such as:

  1. Avoid smoking
  2. Consuming a heart healthy diet
  3. Engaging in physical activities
  4. Maintaining healthy body weight
  5. Limit alcohol consumption
  6. Say no to drugs

Heart failure is a serious health issue. Following a healthy lifestyle can prevent heart failure to an extent. You are advised to visit a cardiologist as soon as possible if you have any symptoms associated with heart failure.

29 Sep 2021
Heart
heart failure
Mental Health
Ever heard of post-traumatic stress disorder

Table of Contents

What is Post traumatic stress disorder?
What are the symptoms of Post traumatic stress disorder?
What should you do if you have suicidal thoughts?
How is PTSD diagnosed?
How is PTSD treated?

We have all seen it in movies. A person witnessing some shocking incident going through mental trauma. But can this happen in real life? If so, what are the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment associated with it? Don’t worry, in this article we are going to see all that you need to know about Posttraumatic stress disorder.

What is Post traumatic stress disorder?

PTSD is a psychiatric disorder that may occur in people who have experienced shocking events such as war, accidents, threatened with death, etc. PTSD has been popularly known as ‘shell shock’ during World War I. 

But PTSD not only happens to soldiers who fight the war, but to people of any gender, age, ethnicity or culture. PTSD is a serious psychiatric disorder that needs to be treated at the beginning stage itself.

People who are experiencing Post-traumatic syndrome have disturbing and shocking thoughts all the time. They recollect the incident through nightmares and dreams. They may experience anger, sadness or sometimes they even feel detached from their near ones.

People with PTSD  also try to avoid situations or people who remind them of the previous smoking incident. Sometimes they also have a strong reaction towards certain things like high noise.

What are the symptoms of Post traumatic stress disorder?

Symptoms of PTSD may appear irrespective of specific time. Usually, people with Posttraumatic stress disorder may start showing the symptoms within a month. But in some cases, it can start after a year too. 

These symptoms can affect their social and personal life too. PTSD is mainly classified into four types. These symptoms can vary from person to person.

  1. Intrusive memories

Symptoms associated with intrusive memories may include:

  • Recurring thoughts of an accidental or shocking event
  • Flashbacks of traumatic events in dreams and nightmares
  • Severe emotional discomfort
  • Physical reactions to something that reminds you about the accident
  1. Avoidance

Symptoms associated are:

  • Avoiding talks about the shocking event
  • Not talking to certain people
  • Avoiding places and activities that remind about the event
  1. Arousal symptoms

Symptoms associated includes:

  • Frightened for mere incidents
  • Always being in a fear of danger
  • Self-destructive behaviour
  • Lack of sleep
  • Trouble in concentrating
  • Irritated too fast
  • Aggressive behaviour
  • Immense shame or guilt
  1. Negative changes in thinking and mood

The most common symptoms may include:

  • Negative thoughts
  • Hopeless about things going to happen
  • Forgetfulness
  • Lack of interest in things you enjoyed once
  • Feeling detached from close ones
  • Emotionally neutral

PTSD intensities can vary depending upon persons, incidents, and time. It can also occur when you have heard or seen certain similar shocking experiences.

If you have certain thoughts and experiences you should upon up yourself and should talk to a psychiatrist or psychologist. People who feel that their life is not under their control due to certain issues or incidents should also take professional medical help.

What should you do if you have suicidal thoughts?

Sometimes people experiencing Posttraumatic stress disorder can undergo suicidal thoughts. If you or anyone you know are going through such a situation you should:

  1. Reach out to a close friend or someone whom you are close to
  2. Make an appointment with your mental health professional
  3. You can seek help from mental health initiatives like U OK?

How is PTSD diagnosed?

PTSD is not diagnosed until one month after the shock. After a month your doctor will go through your medical history and physical health examination. Even though there are no specific medical tests for diagnosing PTSD, the doctor will analyze you through several test methods.

If no issues have been found, then you may be referred to a psychiatrist or psychologist. There you will be diagnosed based on any mental alterations caused by the shocking event that happened.

How is PTSD treated?

The main aim of PTSD treatment is to reduce the shock experienced by the person and to enable the person to live a normal life. PTSD treatment includes psychotherapy, medication, or both.

  1. Psychotherapy

It enables the person to handle and manage any situation. Psychotherapy involves the following methods:

  • Cognitive behavioural therapy

This procedure aims to change the way to approach and thoughts that lead to stressful thoughts and emotions

  •  Prolonged exposure therapy

In this procedure, the person is exposed to situations and factors that cause anxiety.

  • Psychodynamic therapy      

It helps the person to evaluate personal values

  • Family therapy

Family therapy can be very useful as the person with PTSD can also impact the family members.

  • Group therapy    

Group therapy enables the person to share his experience, thoughts, and ideas with the same type of people who to had traumatic incidents.

  1.  Medications     

Your health expert may use a certain type of antidepressant to treat PTSD. Some of the common medicines used to treat PTSD are:

  • Celexa
  • Zoloft
  • Prozac
  • Doxepin 
  • Abilify

Many people around us have been suffering from PTSD and other mental health issues. We must uplift them as they too need to get back to their normal life where they laughed a lot, talked a lot, and were one among us. 
If you or anyone you know have been suffering from PTSD or any other mental health-related issues, it is advised to consult a psychiatrist or psychologist as soon as possible.

28 Sep 2021
stress disorder
trauma
Gastro Issues
Want to know what causes Diarrhea?

Table of Contents

What is diarrhea?
What are the classifications of diarrhea?
What causes diarrhea?
What are the symptoms of diarrhea?
When should you consult a doctor?
How to treat diarrhea?
How to prevent diarrhea?

We all have experienced that situation at least once a year where we go to the bathroom as we have a bowel movement or loose stools. When we have watery and loose stools, then it is called diarrhea. Diarrhea can cause many issues including pain and dehydration. In this article, we are going to see all that we need to know about diarrhea.

What is diarrhea?

When a person has loose or watery stools which occur continuously than usual, then the person is said to have diarrhea. Most of the time the cause of diarrhea is unknown and it goes away without any medical treatment.

Diarrhea can occur due to the intervention of bacteria. Diarrhea can lead to many serious issues such as dehydration, electrolyte imbalance in the body, and in serious cases, it can even lead to kidney failure.

Anyone can have diarrhea but, diarrhea can be serious in people such as:

  • Children
  • Old people
  • People with chronic diseases

What are the classifications of diarrhea?

Diarrhea can be mainly classified into many types depending upon their nature. The three main types of diarrhea include:

  1. Acute diarrhea

It is the most common type of diarrhea. It includes bowel movements associated with loose, watery stools. Acute diarrhea usually lasts from one to two days and goes away without any medical interventions. 

  1. Persistent diarrhea

Persistent diarrhea is considered a serious health condition. It can last from two to four weeks. In a healthy person, persistent diarrhea can cause many serious health issues. People with weak immune systems are more prone to persistent diarrhea.

  1. Chronic diarrhea

Chronic diarrhea can be caused by issues related to the pancreas, intestinal disorders, and sometimes due to the side effects of certain medications and treatments. They can last for more than four weeks and often come regularly.

What causes diarrhea?

The most common cause of diarrhea is a virus that affects your bowel. The most common causes of diarrhea include:

  1. Infection by bacteria
  2. Food poisoning
  3. Allergies towards certain foods
  4. Medications and certain treatments
  5. Radiation therapy

What are the symptoms of diarrhea?

Symptoms of diarrhea can vary from person to person depending on the type of diarrhea they are experiencing. Sometimes people with diarrhea can have a few or all the symptoms mentioned below:

  1. Bloating
  2. Cramps in the abdomen
  3. Fever 
  4. Weight loss
  5. Dehydration

When should you consult a doctor?

As mentioned earlier, most cases of diarrhea will go away without any medical treatment. But you should not take every symptom of diarrhea carelessly. If you have the following symptoms then you should immediately seek medical help

  1. Dark coloration of urine
  2. Swift heart rate
  3. Headache
  4. Dizziness
  5. Nausea
  6. Vomiting
  7. Dry skin

How to treat diarrhea?

Diarrhea usually requires no advanced treatments. In cases when you are experiencing a condition where you need medical help. Some of the most common medical treatments include:

  1. Antibiotics

Antibiotic is many used to treat cases of diarrhea which is caused by bacteria or other parasites

  1. Probiotics

They are mainly used when the gut has more unhealthy bacteria that cause diarrhea. Probiotics help to maintain a proper ratio of bacteria in the gut.

  1. Replacing salts and fluids

In some cases, your doctor will advise you to drink fluids to restore electrolyte contents in the body. In cases, if consuming liquids upset your stomach, then you will be advised to consume IV fluids.

  1. Advising to adjust medications

If a specific medication or antibiotic is responsible for causing diarrhea then, your doctor may advise you to lower the dose.

How to prevent diarrhea?

Even though many cases of diarrhea can occur due to several other factors such as medications, there are ways to prevent diarrhea caused by our lifestyle and food habits. The most important way to prevent diarrhea is to curtail the contact with microorganisms that cause them. Some of the methods to prevent diarrhea include:

  1. Drink only boiled or bottled water
  2. Avoid eating foods that are exposed to open air 
  3. Never eat uncooked meat or seafood
  4. Avoid eating fruits and vegetables without proper washing
  5. Get hepatitis A and typhoid vaccines
  6. Check expiry dates for food before consuming
  7. Always wash your hands before you eat
  8. Make sure to wash your hand after you touch your pet
  9. In cases, you can’t wash your hands, use sanitizer

Diarrhea is a very common situation and there is nothing to be ashamed of to say about it. Consult a gastroenterologist, if you are experiencing severe symptoms of diarrhea.

27 Sep 2021
diarrhea
gastroenterologist
Health
Neuro Health
Don’t worry about Stroke again

Table of Contents

Stroke – Overview
What is Stroke?
What are the types of stroke?
What are the symptoms of a stroke?
How to spot a stroke?
How is a stroke treated?
How to prevent stroke?

Overview

It is a fact that the advancement of the medical field has contributed to reducing critical medical conditions. This has also been the case of stroke. A stroke is a medical emergency and should be considered seriously. A person experiencing a stroke should immediately get medical attention. This article covers all the topics you need to know about stroke, precaution, prevention, and treatment.

What is Stroke?

A stroke is a serious medical condition that occurs when blood supply to the brain has decreased. The insufficient blood supply in the brain results in reduced oxygen and nutrient flow to the brain. As a result, the cells in the brain die in a few moments.

Early medical help can save the patient from brain damage and other crucial health risks. The good news is that the number of critical conditions associated with stroke has decreased in the past few years. 

What are the types of stroke?

Strokes are mainly classified into three. They are:

  1. Ischemic stroke

Most strokes that happen usually are ischemic strokes. Ischemic stroke happens when the artery that supports oxygen-rich blood becomes blocked.

  1. Hemorrhagic stroke

A hemorrhagic stroke happens when the artery carrying blood ruptures and the leaked blood inserts much pressure in the brain cell. High blood pressure can be a factor that causes a hemorrhagic stroke.

What are the symptoms of a stroke?

You should be very attentive if you have any symptoms associated with stroke. Most of the time, the treatments given at early stages are more effective and can decrease the complexities involved.

Some major symptoms associated with stroke may include:

  1. Trouble speaking and understanding what others are saying:

This is one of the most common symptoms associated with stroke. We find it very difficult to understand what people with stroke are speaking as their words become unclear, slur, and confusing.

  1. Paralysis

Paralysis or numbness associated with the face, arm, or leg is another symptom of stroke. If you doubt anyone is having a stroke, try raising both their arms over their head. If only one of their arm falls, then they are experiencing a stroke

Most of the time paralysis caused by stroke is associated with only one side of the body. The face of the person who is experiencing a stroke may droop as he/she is trying to smile or talk.

  1. Headache

A strong headache accompanied by drowsiness, vomiting, dizziness can also be a symptom of having a stroke

  1. Loss of coordination

People experiencing a stroke may lose their balance while doing activities such as standing and walking. Stumbling or falling while standing is a common symptom that people with stroke may experience.

Some people may also experience symptoms such as:

  • Depression
  • Vision problem
  • Headache
  • Bladder related problems

How to spot a stroke?

Many times, people with strokes cannot be spotted as their symptoms cannot be spotted. But there is an easy way to spot a person with a stroke. Learning the acronym ‘FAST’ can help to stroke and take action in time

F- FACE DROOPING 

Does one side of the person’s face become numb? Ask the person to smile. Is the person’s face uneven while smiling?

A-ARM WEAKNESS

Is one arm of the person weak? Ask the person to raise both hands and is one arm falling?

S- SPEECH SLURRED

Is the person’s speech unclear while talking?

T- TIME TO ACT

If the above symptoms are experienced by the person you should seek medical help as soon as possible.

How is a stroke treated?

At the hospital, you will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. Your doctor may also advise you to undergo a scan to detect the type of stroke you are experiencing. Other procedures in the hospital may include:

  1. Endovascular procedures:

Endovascular procedures are mainly for persons suffering from hemorrhagic strokes. During endovascular procedures, the doctor may insert a long tube through a major artery in the legs and it is guided to the spot of damage. Then the doctor installs a coil at the spot of damage.

  1. Surgical procedures:

In some cases, surgery is required for those suffering the risk of stroke. During surgery, they may remove contaminated blood and damaged blood vessels from the brain.

How to prevent stroke?

Stroke can also depend on so many factors including your family history. But there are things that we could take to prevent stroke which include:

  1. Lowering blood pressure
  2. Active in more physical activities
  3. Reduce bodyweight if you are obese
  4. Treat atrial fibrillation
  5. Reduce alcohol consumption
  6. Quit smoking
  7. Maintain blood sugar

Many people ignore the signs and symptoms of a stroke. You should immediately consult a neurologist without any doubt if you think you or people you know have the signs of stroke. You should also be able to handle a situation, where a person is having a stroke without hesitation. Remembering the acronym ‘FAST’ will help detect a stroke.

23 Sep 2021
neurology
stroke
Health
Neuro Health
“We remember their love when they can no longer remember”- Alzheimer’s Day

Table of Contents

What exactly is Alzheimer’s?
How is Alzheimer’s different from dementia?
What are the warning signs of Alzheimer’s disease?
What is the main cause of Alzheimer’s?
Can we cure Alzheimer’s disease?
How can you prevent Alzheimer’s?

Every year, on September 21 the whole world observes world Alzheimer’s day. But what do we know about Alzheimer’s disease? Is it only associated with memory loss? There are a lot of things that we need to know about this medical condition.

In this article, we are going to see all that we need to know about Alzheimer’s disease including its cause, symptoms, treatment, and prevention methods.

What exactly is Alzheimer’s?

Alzheimer’s is a type of dementia (a term associated with diminished thinking, remembering, and decision-making capability) that usually causes the brain to shrink and the cells of the brain to die. 

Sometimes the symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s can become so crucial that they can increase progressively. People with Alzheimer’s will suffer from severe memory loss and it will be difficult for them to manage regular tasks.

How is Alzheimer’s different from dementia?

Alzheimer’s is caused by brain changes followed by cell damage. Alzheimer’s can progressively lead to symptoms of dementia that can worsen over time. As the intensity of Alzheimer’s grow the symptoms associated include disorientation and confusion.

Even simple daily tasks such as walking and swallowing food will even become difficult for people suffering from Alzheimer’s. Even though most people who are having Alzheimer’s are more than the age of 65, the condition is independent of aging.

Dementia involves changes in memory, reasoning, and thinking skills. Several types of dementia involve many reasons for their causes. Mixed dementia is a condition where the person is having more than one type of dementia.

People with dementia will find it very difficult to remember someone’s name who is very familiar and forgetting about things they have kept.

What are the warning signs of Alzheimer’s disease?

As Alzheimer’s is a progressive neurological disorder, the symptoms may be reflected in the person slowly in course of time. 

In the early stage of Alzheimer’s, the person may seem to be healthy. But as time progresses the person will have a thought that “something is not well”. This trouble thought will often pop up in the person’s mind.

The most common signs and symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s include:

  1. Memory loss

Well, we have all seen in movies that a person suffering from Alzheimer’s suffering from memory loss. Memory loss is one of the most common symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s.

At the early stages of Alzheimer’s, the person tends to forget everything including the names of close relatives even family members, important events, something which is just heard. They usually ask questions repeatedly and need to depend on memory aids. 

  1. Difficulty in doing daily tasks

People possessing Alzheimer’s will also find it difficult to do daily tasks such as going to a shop, organizing a list, playing a game, remembering traffic rules, or handling basic functions of devices such as mobile.

  1. Problems with speaking 

Sometimes, it will be difficult for us to understand the way they speak. They may suddenly stop in the middle of a conversation as they have no idea of continuing. These people may also repeat something they have told several times. 

  1. Changes in mood and personality

People with Alzheimer’s will have trouble due to personality and mood changes. They can easily become confused, angry, depressed, frustrated, anxious, or fearful. They can show serious mood changes with people who are out of their comfort zone.

  1. Social withdrawal

People with Alzheimer’s will slowly start to withdraw themselves from society. They start to spend time alone without enjoying anyone’s company, participating in social activities or hobbies.

What is the main cause of Alzheimer’s?

Till date, medical experts aren’t able to explain the exact reason for Alzheimer’s. But it is believed that Alzheimer’s happens when brain protein does not function normally. Moreover, Alzheimer’s can happen due to environmental, genetics as well as lifestyle changes.

Changes in the body associated with Alzheimer’s begins in a person’s body years before the first symptoms. At first, the damage occurs in the part of the brain which controls memory and may spread slowly resulting in the brain shrinking at a later stage.

Researches point that two important protein in the brain can significantly influence the cause of Alzheimer’s disease. They are:

  1. Plaques
  2. Tangles

Can we cure Alzheimer’s disease?

Currently, there is no total cure for Alzheimer’s disease. But there are medications available to treat the symptoms.

Medications

To cure the symptoms associated with memory loss, the doctor may prescribe medications. The most commonly used medications against Alzheimer’s disease include:

  1. Cholinesterase inhibitors

This drug usually improves cell to cell communication in the brain. This medicine when tried on people with Alzheimer’s has shown slight improvement. They are also used as a treatment against symptoms of depression.

  1. Memantine

This drug also improves cell to cell communication inside the brain. They are effective even for severe symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.

How can you prevent Alzheimer’s?

No one is sure about the exact way to prevent Alzheimer’s disease. But a small step towards lifestyle change can help you to prevent the risk of Alzheimer’s to an extend. Some of the preventive methods that we could follow are:

  1. Manage your body weight
  2. H2O is the new “mantra”
  3. Consume healthy diet
  4. Engage in physical activities
  5. Avoid tobacco

As mentioned, Alzheimer’s is a serious disease. If you or anyone you know have the symptoms associated with Alzheimer’s, consult a neurologist as soon as possible. 

It is not just a disease to treat with medications and treatments. People with Alzheimer’s also need love and care along with treatment. “We remember their love when they can no longer remember”.

20 Sep 2021
Alzheimer's
neurology
Gastro Issues
Health
Indigestion- A serious issue to be addressed

Table of Contents

Context
What are the symptoms of Indigestion?
What are the causes of indigestion?
What are the causes of indigestion?
When should you consult a doctor?
How is indigestion diagnosed?
How is indigestion treated?

Context

Indigestion or upper abdominal discomfort is referred to as the burning sensation, pain in the abdomen, feeling full as soon as you eat, bloating in the abdomen, or nausea. Indigestion can also be a symptom of health issues like ulcers.

It is common to experience indigestion, but each person may experience it differently depending upon their lifestyle and food habits. Indigestion is classified as a chronic disease. Lifestyle changes and medication can help in relieving indigestion.

What are the symptoms of Indigestion?

If you have indigestion, then you may experience the following symptoms:

  1. Early fullness

If you have indigestion, then you might experience early fullness during your meal. You will be having a feeling that you cannot eat more. This is one of the most common symptoms experienced by people having the trouble of indigestion.

  1. Burning in the upper abdomen

People having indigestion may experience a burning sensation in their abdomen. Certain foods can also result in a burning sensation in the abdomen.

  1. Nausea

It is a feeling of sickness with the tendency to vomit. Nausea will be experienced by a person with indigestion regularly or at indefinite intervals.

  1. Heartburn

Heartburn is a rare symptom of indigestion. It involves pain or a burning sensation in the chest which can spread to the neck after you eat.

Other symptoms may include:

  1. Frequent and loud growling in the stomach
  2. Gas trouble
  3. Discomfort in abdomen
  4. Feeling sick
  5. Bitter taste in the mouth

What are the causes of indigestion?

Indigestion is mainly caused due to overeating or consuming foods that your body is allergic to. Indigestion may also occur when you eat food items that are too spicy and oily. An unhealthy habit that can lead to indigestion is lying too soon after a meal. This makes it difficult for the body to digest the food.

The usage of drugs mainly, consumption of alcohol, and smoking are also major factors that contribute to indigestion. Some medications can also cause indigestion as their side effects. Aspirin and naproxen are some of the medicines that cause indigestion after consuming them.

Indigestion is also caused by certain health issues such as peptic ulcers, gastric cancer, pancreatic diseases, and acid reflux disease. Functional dyspepsia is a type of indigestion due to an unknown cause.

When should you consult a doctor?

There is no need to worry about mild indigestion and its effects. Mild indigestion can occur due to our body’s reaction to a particular food. You should immediately seek medical attention if you experience the following:

  1. Sudden weight loss
  2. Loss of appetite
  3. Continuous vomiting
  4. Vomiting blood
  5. Symptoms of anemia such as weakness
  6. Trouble swallowing that progressively gets worse
  7. Breathing trouble
  8. Unintended sweating
  9. Chest pain

How is indigestion diagnosed?

At first, your gastroenterologist will ask you about your lifestyle, food habits, and previous medical history. You may also undergo a physical examination by your doctor. Your doctor may recommend undergoing an X-ray to diagnose any abnormalities in the stomach or digestive tract.

As part of the diagnosis, your blood and stool samples may also be collected. Your doctor will conduct an endoscopic examination to check the presence of:

  1. Ulcers
  2. Inflammation diseases
  3. Cancer
  4. Reflux esophagitis

How is indigestion treated?

In most cases, lifestyle and food habit changes can prevent indigestion to an extent. Your doctor may also prescribe medicines after medical examination. 

Medications

  1. H2 receptor antagonists(H2RAs)

They reduce stomach acids. They can include side effects such as:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Rashes
  1. Proton pump inhibitors(PPIs)

These are mainly recommended if you experience heartburn along with indigestion. Side effects may include:

  • Vomiting
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Cough
  • Headache
  • Abdominal pain
  1. Prokinetics

They are mainly used to reduce acid reflux. Prokinetics also help in emptying your stomach faster. Side effects may include:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • Fatigue
  • Depression 
  • Drowsiness
  • Blurred vision

Indigestion can often occur if you don’t change your lifestyle habits or food habits. They can be a common issue but you should take every symptom of it seriously. Consult a gastroenterologist if you experience any symptoms.

20 Sep 2021
gastro problem
indigestion
Health
Kidney Health
Kidney stone – Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Overview

Kidney stone is a hard object which is made inside the body due to the chemicals present in urine. Each year more than half a million people suffer from kidney stones. Diet, excess body weight, and lifestyle are some of the major factors influencing its cause.

Kidney stones can affect any part of the urinary tract, including the kidney and bladder. The passing of kidney stones is usually painful. Kidney stones don’t cause any harmful effects if diagnosed and treated at an early stage. This article covers almost all the things that you need to know about kidney stones, their causes, diagnosis, treatment, and more.

What are the symptoms of kidney stones?

Kidney stones usually don’t cause any symptoms until the stone moves inside your kidney or lodges in the ureters. If so, then it blocks the flow of urine. As a result, the kidney may swell and can cause pain. The most common symptoms associated with kidney stones may involve the following :

  • Severe pain below the ribs
  • Pain at lower abdomen and groin
  • Pain at either side of your lower back
  • Blood content in urine
  • Severe fever with shivering
  • Urine with a very bad smell
  • Pain or burning sensation during urination
  • Urgent need to urinate frequently
  • Decolouarated urine( especially pink, red, or brown)

What are the causes of kidney stones?

Everybody can get kidney stones. But for some people, the chance of getting kidney stones is higher than the others. For example, men have higher chances of getting kidney stones than women. Some of the causes include:

  • Having kidney stones earlier
  • Drinking very little water
  • Unhealthy diet 
  • Obesity or overweight
  • Undergone gastric bypass surgery
  • If your urine has a high uric acid content
  • Genetics chance and hereditary transfer

What are the kinds of Kidney stones?

Kidney stones are mainly classified into:

1. Calcium stones

This is the most common type of kidney stone. It occurs when calcium combines with oxalate in the urine to form stones inside the kidney. The main cause of calcium stones is inadequate fluid intake and insufficient calcium levels in the body.

Calcium stones may also occur in the form of calcium phosphate. Specific fruits and vegetables, nuts, and chocolates have high oxalate content which can also contribute to calcium stones.

2. Struvite stones

Infection in the upper urinary tract is the main reason for struvite stones. They can become quite large stones sometimes with very few symptoms or no symptoms. They are generally made up of magnesium ammonium phosphate and constitute 10-15% of all kidney stones.

3. Cystine stones

A rare disease called ‘cystinuria is the main reason for the cause of cystine stones. As a result of cystinuria, a substance called cysteine is leaked into the urine. When too much cystine gets accumulated in the urine, cystine stones are formed.

4. Uric acid stones

Uric acid stones mainly occur when uric acid content in urine is high or when the acidic level of urine increases. The main cause of these stones is the consumption of purine-rich foods. Purines are usually high in fish, beef, chicken, and eggs.

People who are obese are at a higher chance of having uric acid stones. People who had undergone chemotherapy should also be precautious against uric acid stones. Many other factors including hereditary can also affect uric acid stones.

How is kidney stone diagnosed? 

Diagnosis depends upon the type of kidney stone you are having. The urologist decides the diagnosis procedure by analyzing your medical history, health status, and the symptoms you are possessing. 

To continue the further procedure, your doctor needs to know the nature and size of your stone. To analyze the nature of stones your doctor will use, a CT scan or a type of high-resolution X-ray known as KUB X-ray (Kidney-Ureter-Bladder X-ray).

After seeing the KUB X-ray result the doctor determines if shock wave treatment is necessary for the stone to disintegrate. After the stone comes out of your body, your doctor will recommend you to undergo a blood test to know the composition of calcium, phosphorus, and uric acid.

How is kidney stone treated?

First, your doctor recommends you drink a lot of water for a few days so that your stone comes out of your body without treatment. But if the stone is quite too large and blocks the passage of urine, then your doctor proceeds with surgery.

Removal of kidney stones is necessary to prevent infection. Short wave lithotripsy is the most common surgical method used to remove kidney stones from the body. They are proved to work best with large stones of irregular shape that block the urinal flow.

In rare cases, the surgical method used is nephrolithotripsy. This procedure is mainly used in cases where the stones cannot be removed using lithotripsy and in those cases where the size of the stone is greater than 2cm.

How to prevent the risk of kidney stones?

  • Drink plenty of water

Drinking plenty of water is the first and foremost tip to prevent kidney stones. Drinking plenty of water can dilute the chemicals responsible for causing kidney stones and thus prevent stone formation.

Medical experts suggest that a person should drink water accordingly to urinate 2 liters of urine every day. Consuming beverages such as lemonade and other citrus fruits also prevent the formation of kidney stones.

  • Consume more fruits and vegetables

Consuming a large number of fruits and vegetables reduces the acidic content in urine. The increased acidic content in urine supports the formation of kidney stones and thus by the intake of fruits and vegetables reduces the risk of kidney stones.

  • Limit animal protein

Intake of animal protein such as meat, fish, and egg can increase the risk of kidney stones. If you are having a kidney stone, then you should stop the consumption of animal protein.

  • Avoid high salt intake

A high amount of salt intake increases the chance that foods rich in salts can also promote the risk of having kidney stones. High salt intake increases calcium which is a major factor responsible for developing kidney stones. Less salt intake also reduces the risk of high blood pressure.

  • Avoid high doses of vitamin C

Increased intake of vitamin C can cause heavy oxalate production in urine and can support kidney stone development.

Kidney stones can be harmless or sometimes they can cause heavy pain. If you have any symptoms of kidney stone, then you should immediately consult a urologist. Diagnosis and treatment of kidney stones can ease the risk.

10 Sep 2021
kidney health
kidney stone
Eye Health
Health
Conjunctivitis: Causes, symptoms, types, and prevention

Table of Contents

Conjunctivitis – Overview
What Causes Pink Eyes?
What Are The Symptoms?
Types of Conjunctivitis
How can you Prevent Pink Eyes?
When To Consult A Doctor? 

Overview

Most of us have experienced pink eyes at least once in our childhood. Pink eye or conjunctivitis is an inflammation or infection that occurs in the clear tissue which lies over the white part of your eye and lines of the eyelid. They are caused mainly due to a bacterial or viral infection and due to allergic reactions. 

Even though pink eyes can be irritating, it barely affects your vision. Early-stage treatment can prevent the infection from worsening.

What Causes Pink Eyes?

Several factors cause Pink Eye. Some of the major causes may include:

  1. Bacteria and viruses
  2. Allergies due to medicines, such as eye drops
  3. Irritants such as shampoos, conditioners, smoke, dust, etc
  4. Allergies are caused due to the usage of wearing contact lenses.
  5. Parasites and fungi

Besides, there are many other factors such as Sexually Transmitted Diseases(STDs) like Gonorrhea which can bring dangerous bacterial conjunctivitis. Improper treatment of pink eyes due to gonorrhea can be really dangerous.

Newborn babies who have conjunctivitis should be treated at an early stage as it can be a threat to their vision. Recent studies show that pink eyes can also be a serious symptom as well an aftereffect of the Covid-19 virus.

What Are The Symptoms?

The most common symptoms associated with pink eyes are:

  1. Pink or red color in the white of the eye
  2. Swelling in the eyelid area
  3. Increased tears than usual
  4. Burning sensation in the eyes
  5. Itching or irritation
  6. Green or white discharge from the eye
  7. Blurred vision
  8. Swollen lymph nodes
  9. More sensitive to light
  10. A dusty feeling in the eye

What Are The Types Of Pinkeye?

1. Bacterial Conjunctivitis

This is a common type of pink eye, caused by several sources of contamination. The main cause of bacterial conjunctivitis is exposure to the infected person, contaminated sources, or sinus or ear infections.

Bacterial conjunctivitis produces pus or thick white or green discharges and can affect both eyes. The only way to prevent the spread of bacterial conjunctivitis is to follow handwashing and hygiene techniques.

Bacterial conjunctivitis is more like a bacterial infection. You need an antibiotic medicine, eyedrop, or ointment to treat this type of conjunctivitis. Treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis usually lasts from one to two weeks depending upon the severity faced by the patient.

2. Viral Conjunctivitis

Viral conjunctivitis is an airborne infection that spreads mostly through sneezing and coughing. Watery discharge is associated with this type of conjunctivitis. Usually, it starts from one eye and spreads quickly over the other.

Unlike bacterial conjunctivitis, antibiotics don’t work against viral conjunctivitis. Sadly there is no effective treatment against viral conjunctivitis. But they are self-limited, which means they only infect for a particular period. 

The duration of the latter is from 5  days to 1 week. After that our eye starts to enhance itself. Treatment of viral conjunctivitis involves supportive medical therapies, such as eye drops, to reduce symptoms such as surface swelling and redness.

3. Allergic Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis caused by allergies is also very common. Few common factors associated with allergic conjunctivitis include climatic changes, pollen, hair, animal fur, etc.

The most common symptom related to allergic conjunctivitis includes itchy eyes and irritation. It can be relieved by anti-allergic eye drops.

4. Non-Infectious Conjunctivitis

Non-infectious conjunctivitis can be a result of substances that are direct or indirect contact with the eyes. These may include petrol, kerosine, smoke, dust, perfumes, and certain chemicals. 

This type of conjunctivitis may vary from person to person depending on their physical responses towards different materials. They will not be transferred from one person to another. Medical treatments will be provided by your health expert considering your response towards various substances.

5. Giant papillary conjunctivitis

Giant papillary conjunctivitis is mainly caused due to contact lenses. Due to giant papillary conjunctivitis, the inside of your eyes gets swollen and itchy. 

The majority chance of having giant papillary conjunctivitis is in people who are using contact lenses for many years. This type of conjunctivitis can also happen in persons who are not using contact lenses. But these cases are rare.

How can you Prevent Pink Eyes?

As always, prevention is better than cure. The key to preventing pink eyes is hygiene. One of the common methods to prevent pink eyes is 

  • Wash your hands regularly
  • Use a clean towel to dry your face
  • Don’t share your clothes and towels 
  • Don’t share your cosmetics, mainly those related to your eyes such as eyebrow pencils and mascaras.
  • Change your blankets and pillow covers often

ShopDoc is a leading healthcare platform, which provides all types of medical procedures and health experts at an affordable cost without seeping out of your home. For appointments and more details, visit

When To Consult A Doctor? 

You should not every symptom of pink eyes carelessly. Sometimes pink eyes can lead to serious issues. You should immediately consult medical care if:

  1. You experience severe eye pain
  2. There is a lot of green and white discharge coming out of your eye
  3. Your white part of the eye is completely obstructed by redness 
  4. You have high sensitivity towards light
  5. There is heavy pain the face
  6. You are facing vision loss

If your symptoms don’t change in 12 to 24 hours then, you should consult a doctor as soon as possible. Pink eyes in newborn babies as mentioned are a serious matter to be taken into consideration. They should be treated soon or else there is a chance that it could affect their vision.

People who are using contact lenses or other eye lenses should stop wearing them quickly. You should also seek medical help if your symptoms remain mild but you have heavy redness in the eye. Redness in the eyes can also be a factor due to allergies and climatic changes too.

04 Sep 2021
conjunctivitis
pink eyes
Health
Heart Health
ECG – Everything You Need To Know

Table of Contents

ECG – Overview
When do you need an ECG?
ECG – risks associated
Common errors of an ECG
How to prepare for an ECG test?
What happens during an ECG?
What happens after an ECG test?

Overview

An electrocardiogram records electrical signals of your heart. It is a painless medical test usually used to test the health of your heart. It is one of the simplest and fastest tests used to diagnose your heart too.

There are electrical impulses in our heart for supporting blood flow. An ECG records these electrical impulses to measure our heartbeat rate. In this article, we are going to discuss everything about ECG including its procedures and risks.

When do you need an ECG?

Your doctor might advise you to undergo an electrocardiogram due to a variety of reasons such as:

  • Arrhythmias or irregular heart rhythm.
  • Evaluate health problems related to your heart such as tiredness, shortness of breath, weakness, dizziness, and breathing trouble.
  • Determine the overall heart’s condition after surgery, medical procedure, previous heart attack, or other heart-related problems.
  • Analyze the working of an implanted pacemaker
  • Check if the heart has any trouble due to coronary artery diseases.

Besides, there can also be many other reasons that your doctor may advise you to have an ECG test. ECG is not recommended for those who don’t have any symptoms. But if you are having any family history related to your heart, then your health expert may suggest you to undergo an ECG test.

In some cases, your symptoms may not be present at the time of an ECG recording. In such cases, your doctor may suggest you have continuous ECG monitoring. Some of the methods used for continuous ECG monitoring include.

1. Holter monitor: 

A Holter monitor is a type of portable ECG, which can be used to monitor the heart’s activity continuously for over 24 to 48 hours.

2. Event monitor: 

An event monitor is also a portable ECG more like a Holter monitor. But it does not record your heartbeat continuously. There is a switch in the event monitor. You can press the switch and activate it when you feel any symptoms or discomfort. An event monitor can function continuously for about 30 days.

What are the risks associated?

Every medical procedure has risks in some way or other. ECG is very safe. The chances of risks are minimal and rare. An ECG procedure includes electrodes. These electrodes when left for too long can cause skin irritation and tissue breakdown.

You may also feel discomfort while removing the electrodes as they are sticky. In some cases, people also feel skin rashes. But it is temporary and lasts for very few minutes. An ECG doesn’t emit any electrical signals or impulses, it just analyzes your heart’s electrical signals. So it is generally a very safe test.

What are the common errors of an ECG?

Many factors influence the results of an ECG test. Some of these may include:

  • Obesity
  • Exercises before the test
  • Smoking
  • Movements during the test
  • Pregnancy
  • Consumption of certain medicines

Besides all the above-mentioned factors, lot more factors can contribute to an inaccurate reading of an ECG including those caused by computer readings and pacemakers. 

How to prepare for an ECG test?

Before doing an electrocardiogram test, your doctor will explain about the test and there you can ask your doubts about the test. It is very important to tell your doctor about all the medications and supplements you are taking as certain medicines can affect your test results.

Avoid drinking cold water before the test as cold water can affect the electrical patterns of your heart. You should also avoid engaging in exercises or other physical activities. This can increase your heartbeat rate and can influence the test results too.

Generally fasting is not necessary before the test. Tell your doctor if you are having a pacemaker. Besides these, depending upon your health condition your doctor will suggest for other preparations too.

What happens during an ECG?

An Electrocardiogram test usually follows the following procedure. 

  1. You may be asked to remove any jewelry or other accessories from your body
  2. You will be asked to remove clothes from the upper waist. Your health expert will ensure your privacy by covering you with cloth, exposing only the required part for the procedure.
  3. Now you will have to lie flat on the table. Make sure to avoid any movement during the procedure as it can lead to misreading of the result.
  4. If your chest, arms, or legs are hairy, then the technician will shave your hair those body parts to ensure that the electrodes stick perfectly.
  5. Now the electrodes are attached to your chest, arms, or legs
  6. During the ECG procedure, the functioning of your heart is fully monitored. 
  7. Make sure that you breathe normally.
  8. It will only take very little time for a standard ECG test and after completing the test the electrodes are removed.

What happens after an ECG test?

After doing an Electrocardiogram test you can resume your normal life. You should follow any routine or procedures suggested by your doctor. Tell your doctor if you have skin itching or irritation even after a long time of the procedure.

Generally, there are no particular steps to be followed in terms of routine after the test. The treatments and medications after the test depend upon your health condition and test result. . After analyzing your test, your doctor may contact you if you are having any serious health issues such as:

Unusual heart rate

In normal cases, our pulse indicates the rate of our heartbeat. But in some cases, it is very difficult to analyze your pulse. In such cases, an ECG test may be very helpful. Your doctor may inform you if you are having a fast heart rate(tachycardia) or slow heart rate (bradycardia).

Heart attack

An ECG is very effective in detecting previous heart attacks or the one in breakthrough. ECG tests can also determine which part of your heart is mutilated and the severity of the attack.

Formation defects

There can be cases where your heart or parts of your heart have physical abnormalities. An ECG gives your physical expert an idea about the defects of your heart or the parts associated with it.

Insufficient blood supply

Our body needs enough amount of blood as well as oxygen for proper functioning. Amount of blood lower than usual is a serious problem to take into consideration. An ECG test helps your doctor to determine if the problem associated with your heart is due to insufficient blood supply.

Consult a cardiologist if you are having any heart-related issues. For your life beat to go on, you need a healthy heart. For a healthy heart, you taking care of your heart is necessary. 

04 Sep 2021
ECG
heart health
Health
Heart Health
Common Medical Tests To Diagnose Heart Conditions

Table of Contents

Overview
Angiogram 
Electrocardiogram(ECG)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI)
Blood Tests
Echocardiogram
Chest X-Ray

Overview

Our heart is working 24 hours a day round the clock pumping blood and oxygen along with all the organs of your body. Being the important muscle of the body, your heart needs proper supervision and care. Improper care of your heart can lead to many serious problems.

The modern medical system has a cure for almost all types of diseases. There are also a series of tests to diagnose the issues related to your heart too. In this article, we are going to understand some of the common medical tests and their procedures to diagnose heart health.

Angiogram 

An angiogram is the most common medical test to diagnose the risks and defects associated with the heart and its parts. So an angiogram mainly checks damaged blood vessels in your heart. 

What are the types of Angiogram?

  1. Coronary Angiogram:

A coronary angiogram is usually performed during or after a heart attack. This test is also performed if there is a blockage in blood flowing to the heart. It includes X-ray imaging to observe the heart’s blood vessels.

During this procedure, a dye visible to the X-ray machine is injected into your artery and a series of images are taken by the X-ray machine known as angiograms

With the help of these angiograms, the doctor analyses the health of your heart and blockage in the arteries. If necessary, the doctor can open blocked arteries during this procedure.

  1. Coronary Computed Tomography Angiogram (CCTA): 

The coronary computed tomography angiogram is a type of angiogram that uses iodine-containing contrast material and CT scan to determine narrowed arteries to the heart.

The image created by this test is used to generate a three-dimensional image for further examination. The contrast material used in CCTA can sometimes cause allergies. Tell your doctor about all the medications and allergies you are possessing.

Electrocardiogram(ECG)

An electrocardiogram or ECG is a painless test that records the electrical activity of your heart.  Sensors attached to the skin evaluate the health of your heart by producing signals. These signals are observed by your doctor to see any unusualness in the heart.

There are electrical impulses in our heart for supporting blood flow. An ECG records these electrical impulses to measure our heartbeat rate. It is one of the simplest and fastest tests used to diagnose your heart. 

When should you need an ECG?

Your doctor may recommend you to have an ECG test under certain specific cases as follows:  

  1. Arrhythmias or irregular heart rhythm.
  2. Evaluate health problems related to your heart such as tiredness, shortness of breath, weakness, dizziness, and breathing trouble.
  3. Determine the overall heart’s condition after surgery, medical procedure, previous heart attack, or other heart-related problems.
  4. Analyze the working of an implanted pacemaker
  5. Check if the heart has any trouble due to coronary artery diseases.
  6. Palpitations (sudden observable heartbeats)

The test generally involves sticky sensors usually attached to your chest, arm, or legs which records your heart’s electrical impulses. These tests only last for a few minutes and sometimes they can vary depending upon the condition of the patient. 

Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI):

Magnetic resonance imaging or MRI is a scanning procedure that uses a strong magnetic field and radio waves to generate images inside the body, especially the heart. An MRI is used to take static or moving images of your heart.

An MRI scanner is a large tube-like structure containing powerful magnets. During the procedure, the patient needs to lie flat on the table. The scan lasts from 15 to 90 minutes depending upon the images taken. 

Is MRI harmful?

MRI scanning is a painless and safe procedure. It does not involve any radiation. A special dye is injected for the visibility of the heart and arteries during the scanning. It is very important to stay still during the entire procedure. 

The test results give a clear idea about your heart, it is working, and problems or defects associated with it. An MRI  scan is advisable in every situation. For example, your health expert will not allow you to undergo an MRI test, if you are using a pacemaker or metal joint.

Blood Tests

Blood tests are an important procedure in determining one’s heart health, mainly after having critical conditions like a heart attack. During a heart attack, your heart muscles can get damaged and your heart releases toxic substances into the bloodstream.

Does blood test detect heart problems?

The answer is yes. Blood tests are a common and widely used method to detect the toxicity in blood and thus determine heart health. Blood tests determine the level of toxic or foreign substances in your bloodstream released by the heart and thus it shows damage to your heart.

Most commonly, blood tests after a heart attack are used to determine the level of troponin in your blood. A very high level of troponin content indicates that a heart attack has occurred. About 12 hours after a heart attack, most patients who possessed heart attacks have a high level of troponin in their blood.

To check Fats, minerals, and other factors in the blood, your health expert advises blood tests. A high level of bad cholesterol in your blood is a sign that you are at risk of having heart attacks. 

Echocardiogram

An echocardiogram is a common procedure, which involves using sound waves o produce a clear image of your heart. This test allows your doctor to see the heartbeat and pumping blood by your heart.

This procedure involves the usage of a probe. The probe is usually placed in your chest or sometimes in your esophagus. The resulting images produced by echocardiogram allow your doctor to identify the problems related to your heart, its chambers, or arteries. 

What are the most common types of Echocardiogram?

Depending upon the health condition you are possessing or the information your doctor needs, you may undergo several types of echocardiograms. An echocardiogram is mainly classified into: 

  1. Transthoracic Echocardiogram:

Transthoracic Echocardiogram is the most common type of Echocardiodiagram. During a TTE, your medical expert uses a small device called a transducer. To obtain a clear picture of the heart your health expert uses a transducer.

  1. Transesophageal Echocardiogram:

A transesophageal Echocardiogram is a type of echocardiogram that provides a more clear image of your heart. Your health expert may also advise this medical procedure if it is difficult to obtain an image of the heart with a normal echocardiogram,

  1. Stress Echocardiogram: 

It takes ultrasound images of your heart. Then your medical expert tells you to undergo physical activity. Again an ultrasound image is captured and compared with the previous one. If you are not able to exercise, then your doctor will prescribe an injection to boost your heartbeat.

Chest X-Ray

An X-Ray device captures pictures of your internal organs such as lungs, heart, and blood vessels. Through examination of these pictures, your doctor will determine if you have any heart risks.

A chest X-Ray, also known as a radiograph is focused beams of radiation. The pictures obtained from the procedure look like a negative image of a black and white photograph. 

When do you need a chest x-ray?

Your health expert will advise you to undergo a chest x-ray if you are possessing or have the signs of the following conditions such as: 

  1. Chest pain
  2. Chronic cough 
  3. Difficulty in breathing
  4. Fever along with other infections
  5. Congestive heart failure
  6. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases

For your life beat to go on, you need a healthy heart. You should consult a cardiologist if you have any issues or doubts related to your heart health.

04 Sep 2021
angiogram
ECG
heart health tests
Dental Health
Health
6 Simple Ways to Naturally Whiten Your Teeth at Home

Table of Contents

Importance of good oral health
Signs of poor oral health
Causes of dull teeth
Tips to whiten your teeth
Brush your teeth regularly 
Use baking soda to brush your teeth
Oil Pulling
Consume a lot of fruits and vegetables
Limit the intake of staining foods and sugars
Orange and lemon peel rubbing technique
Consulting a specialist

It is said that “Every tooth in a man’s head is more valuable than a diamond”. Improper tooth care can lead to many health problems even bigger than an unpleasant smile. 

Maintaining your teeth is not only about looks. Improper tooth care can affect many parts of your body badly, including the heart.

If you have any dental-related problems, you should immediately consult a dentist. You should take good care of your teeth after consulting the doctor too.

If you want to have white teeth without practicing any chemical methods, then this article mentions a few natural and safe methods to make your teeth sparkle.

Importance of good oral health

Good oral health is a key to good overall health. Dental problems, such as tooth decay or gum disease, can affect your ability to eat and speak normally. Tooth decay is caused by the presence of a base and can result in causing pain and bad breath. 

Many people may not realize that poor dental health can have extreme effects on areas outside of the mouth and they can cause serious health issues such as diabetes, pregnancy, and chronic inflammation like arthritis.

Studies show gum infections can cause premature birth and low birth weight in pregnant women. So finding your tooth decay causes and practicing good oral health is very important to prevent these health conditions from happening. As always prevention is better than cure. 

Signs of poor oral health

  • Tooth Pain: Tooth pain is one of the most common signs of tooth decay. If you have tooth decay, then do not ignore it. You should immediately consult a doctor as the tooth decay can last even if you increase the quality of cleaning.
  • Bleeding or swollen gums: Gum bleeding or swollen gums is a sign of poor gum health. Treating your gum will reduce the chance of weak gum and unstable teeth.
  • Variations to the tongue: Any variation in texture or colour of the tongue is a sign that you have poor oral health. Clean your tongue daily after brushing your teeth and consult a doctor if you notice a rapid colour change in the tongue after brushing.
  • Growths or Lumps in the mouth: Growth or lumps inside the mouth is a serious sign or oral problem, Consult a doctor immediately in such cases.

Causes of dull teeth

Multiple factors contribute to the teeth becoming dull or yellow. Taking proper care individually or with the help of a dentist can make your teeth sparkle.

Our teeth are made up of various layers. Enamel is the outermost layer of our teeth. Certain foods and plaque formation on teeth can also make your enamel look yellow. This problem can be corrected by doing good dental care and a few home remedies.

The disintegration of enamel can also make our teeth look dull. The disintegration of enamel makes your dentin visible. Dentin is a hard yellow bony tissue that lies underneath the enamel.

Tips to whiten your teeth

Everyone has the desire to have bright teeth. We can make our teeth look bright to an extent. Here are a few simple methods everyone can follow 

Brush your teeth regularly 

This is the fundamental habit you should follow regularly if you wish to have shining teeth. If you don’t have the habit of brushing your teeth regularly, then it is a good time to start.

If you have yellow teeth even after brushing, then try brushing your teeth more often. However, do not brush your teeth as soon as you have a meal. This can lead to corrosion of the teeth. Try brushing your teeth one hour after having a meal. Before brushing your teeth, thoroughly wash your mouth with pure water.

It is very important to choose your toothpaste. If you are having tough stains, then try using teeth whitening toothpaste. They have mild abrasives which remove stains from your teeth. If you are having trouble choosing toothpaste, consult a dentist.

Use baking soda to brush your teeth

Yes! You heard me right. Brushing your teeth with baking soda is a popular teeth whitening method. Baking soda has natural teeth whitening properties. That’s why baking soda is an important ingredient in teeth whitening toothpaste. 

Baking soda has the property of cleaning your teeth and making them free from stains. Also, baking soda fabricates an alkaline environment in the teeth. An alkaline environment helps to keep away bacteria from your teeth.

Brushing with baking soda alone regularly is not proved to be useful in whitening your teeth. But toothpaste containing baking sodas are proved to be more effective in contributing to whitening your teeth. 

Oil Pulling

Oil Pulling is a well-known traditional teeth whitening method mainly practiced in India. It involves fizzing oil inside your mouth similar to using mouthwash.

Oil pulling is very beneficial as it can remove bacteria from your mouth. These bacteria can contribute to making your teeth yellowish. So if you are wishing to have white teeth, then Oil pulling is highly recommended!

The most commonly used oils for oil pulling are sunflower oil, sesame oil, and coconut oil. Among these coconut oil is the best for oil pulling, as it tastes good among the three. Coconut oil has many other health benefits too.

But there is no scientific proof that oil pulling can make your teeth white. To perform oil pulling, take a tablespoon of oil and fizz it through your teeth and mouth thoroughly. There are no side effects or harm in doing oil pulling. So it is completely safe to do oil pulling daily.

Consume a lot of fruits and vegetables

Consuming a lot of fruits and vegetables can be very useful in making your teeth white and it has many health benefits too. Crunchy fruits and vegetables are very beneficial in removing plaque from your teeth as you chew them. 

Two main fruits that have high teeth whitening benefits are strawberry and pineapple. An enzyme found in pineapple known as ‘bromelain’ is effective in removing stains and it is also a major component in teeth whitening toothpaste.

Strawberries contain an enzyme called malic acid. Malik acid is very useful in removing stains and discoloration from teeth and making them white.

Limit the intake of staining foods and sugars

Are you fond of sodas, wine, and coffee? Then for you to know, they are a great barrier to your teeth-whitening quest. This doesn’t mean that you should completely stop them. Limit the period of time they are in contact with your teeth.

If you are so fond of these food items, then consume them using a straw. Using a straw can prevent these foods from having contact with your teeth. Brush your teeth as soon as possible to avoid its effect on your teeth.

Moreover, smoking and tobacco usage can also contribute to dull teeth. Avoid its use to prevent discoloration of your teeth.

Orange and lemon peel rubbing technique

Like the oil pulling method, this method is also not scientifically proven. But those who used this technique are completely satisfied with the results. Moreover, this technique has not had any bad effects. So giving it a try is worth it!

To try this trick take a small peel of lemon or orange and rub it thoroughly for 2 minutes. After 2 minutes, wash your mouth and brush your teeth. This trick can also be performed using banana peels.

These peels are rich in citric acid, which is theoretically proven to be the best remedy to remove stains and make teeth bright. But if you are having sensitivity issues this method is not recommended as it can cause negative effects on your enamel.

Consulting a specialist

Tooth care is one of the main factors to be considered. It is a good sign of health itself. Most of the remedies involve removing stains from the upper layer of our teeth. Sometimes it can be confusing to choose between various methods which are suitable for you. In such cases, you are always recommended to consult a dentist and check your teeth whitening options. 

04 Sep 2021
oil pulling
oral health
teeth whitening
Health
Women's Health
6 tips to get relief from horrible period cramps

At a glance:

What causes period cramps?

What can you do to get relief from period cramps?

Is getting a period cramp normal?

What are the different types of menstrual pain?

When should you consult a doctor?



It’s that time of the month!
Most of us have been there. We have experienced really bad period cramps that make us feel helpless and weak. We must have envied women who get to enjoy their painless period while most of us simply have to deal with the irritability and bloating every month.
In this article, you will read about the main causes and types of period cramps. We will also discuss the best home remedies to relieve period cramps.

What causes period cramps?

During menstruation,  the muscles of your womb contract and relax to help shed the built-up tissue lining in your uterus. You experience pain as a result of your uterus getting squeezed. The squeezing of the uterine muscles helps your body to push the unwanted layer formed inside your uterus out through your vagina during your period. 

What can you do to get relief from period cramps?

Here are a few quick home remedies to get relief from period pain.

Taking over-the-counter (OTC) medications

Women often take Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which are the primary over-the-counter (OTC) form of pain relief used for menstrual pain before the discomfort turns into unbearable pain.

NSAIDs help lower your body’s production of prostaglandin. Prostaglandins are hormones produced by your body that cause the muscles and blood vessels of the uterus to contract. 

On the first day of your period, the level of prostaglandins is comparatively high and the levels go down as the unwanted lining of the uterus is shed.

Consuming NSAIDs as soon as you start to feel pain or the day before your period starts can be helpful in leaving you with less pain and cramping.

Be careful not to overuse NSAIDs. If you have a history of heart, liver, or kidney problems, or if you have asthma, ulcers, or bleeding disorders make sure to consult with a specialist before consuming them.

Use a heat patch

Applying heat to your abdomen and lower back can help relax the muscles of your uterus and reduce period pain. Using a heat patch or a hot water bag increases the blood circulation around your abdomen.

Heat therapy opens up your blood vessels allowing more blood and oxygen to flow through them. It is also well effective in reducing muscle spasms.


In case you don’t have a heat patch or a hot water bag handy, you can also take a warm bath or use a hot towel to do the job.

Try some yoga poses 

Practicing yoga is an effective pain-relief strategy when it comes to period pain.

Yoga poses can help stretch and relax your belly, pelvis, hips, and lower back muscles to help you relieve the pain naturally.

There is a variety of yoga poses recommended by expert yoga practitioners that you can try at home to get relief from your period pain.



Yoga also has the added advantage of stabilizing the emotional symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and menstruation.

Having an orgasm

Masturbation is nothing but touching yourself for sexual pleasure. It is completely normal and an enjoyable behavior that can lead you to an orgasm.

The great news is that vaginal orgasms involve your whole body, including your spinal cord, which triggers your brain to release endorphins. Endorphins are chemicals produced by our body that helps in relieving stress and pain. Thus it can help you subside your period cramps too.

There is no clinical evidence that orgasms have a direct effect on menstrual cramps. But, it can surely lift up your mood. So why not? 

Drinking herbal tea

Expert nutritionists suggest that intake of certain herbal teas can help relieve menstrual cramps.

Try drinking chamomile and peppermint teas. These herbs contain anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic compounds that experts believe can reduce the muscle contractions and swellings associated with period pain.

Rest

Some women find relief from painful period cramps simply by taking good rest. It is very important that you give your body time to reboot and relax while you are on your period. Being active during the earliest days of menstruation may worsen your cramps. Stay hydrated, eat healthy food and give yourself a break.

Is getting a period cramp normal?


The truth is that there’s no proved “normal”. Most women experience period cramps and feel discomfort around their abdomen, lower back, and thighs when they’re menstruating. Period pain or its medical term being dysmenorrhea can vary in intensity from woman to woman. Each woman is said to experience unique menstruation symptoms. 

What are the different types of menstrual pain?

Period pain can be broadly classified into two types.

Primary dysmenorrhoea

Women with primary dysmenorrhoea tend to experience menstrual cramps as a result of increased levels of prostaglandins, which makes the contractions stronger.

Secondary dysmenorrhoea

This type of period pain is caused by an underlying reproductive disorder that has to be taken care of. The pain tends to worsen over time and often lasts longer than normal period cramps. Some of the disorders include:

Endometriosis: 

A medical condition in which the tissues lining the uterus (endometrium) start to grow outside the uterus and spreads on the fallopian tubes, ovaries, or the tissue lining your pelvis.

Uterine fibroids: 

They are noncancerous growths in the wall of the uterus that can cause pain.

Adenomyosis:

 A medical condition in which the tissue that lines your uterus (endometrium) begins to grow into the muscular walls of the uterus.

Pelvic inflammatory disease: 

This is a sexually transmitted bacteria that cause infection in the female reproductive organ. 

Cervical stenosis:

A medical condition in which the cervical wall in some women is small enough to impede menstrual flow which can cause painful cramps.

When should you consult a doctor?

Although period cramps are very common, severe pain that affects your daily life activities should never be ignored. If you have very painful menstrual cramps that last longer than two or three days, make sure you visit a gynecologist to diagnose the cause of your menstrual pain as soon as possible. Also, look out for the following symptoms:

  • Pain spreads to your lower back and thighs 
  • Pain is experienced as a result of heavy flow
  • Severe pain leading to headache or dizziness  
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding 

It is always advisable to consult with a gynecologist and get regular checkups to stay healthy and safe.

01 Sep 2021
menstruation
periods
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